Sociedad de la realeza
Evaluación | Biopsicología | Comparativo | Cognitivo | Del desarrollo | Idioma | Diferencias individuales | Personalidad | Filosofía | Social | Métodos | Estadística | Clínico | Educativo | Industrial | Artículos profesionales | Psicología mundial | Psicología Profesional: Debating Chamber · Psychology Journals · Psychologists The premises of the Royal Society in London (first four properties only). The Royal Society of London for the Improvement of Natural Knowledge, known simply as the Royal Society, was founded in 1660 and claims to be the oldest learned society still in existence. Although a voluntary body, it serves as the academy of sciences of the United Kingdom, and is a learned society for science. It is a member organization of the Science Council. The Royal Society of Edinburgh (founded 1783) is a separate Scottish body. The Royal Irish Academy(founded 1785) is a separate Irish body. Contents 1 Psychologists who have become Fellows of the Royal Society 2 Others working in associated fields who have become fellows 3 Historia 3.1 Historical philosophy and significance 4 Current activities and significance 5 Governance 5.1 Fellowship 5.2 Council and Officers 6 Awards 7 Selected bibliography 8 Timeline 9 Ver también 9.1 Medals 9.2 Prize Lectures 10 En ficción 11 Referencias 12 External links Psychologists who have become Fellows of the Royal Society Sir Frederick Bartlett Others working in associated fields who have become fellows John Maynard Smith History The Royal Society was founded in 1660, only a few months after the Restoration of King Charles II, by members of one or two either secretive or informal societies already in existence. The Royal Society enjoyed the confidence and official support of the restored monarchy. los "Nuevo" o "Experimental" form of philosophy was generally ill-regarded by the Aristotelian (and religious) academies, but had been promoted by Sir Francis Bacon in his book New Atlantis. Robert Boyle refers to the "Invisible College" tan pronto como 1646. A founding meeting was held at the premises of Gresham College in Bishopsgate on 28 Noviembre 1660, immediately after a lecture by Sir Christopher Wren, at that time Gresham Professor of Astronomy. At a second meeting a week later, Sir Robert Moray, an influential Freemason who had helped organize the public emergence of the group, reported that the King approved of the meetings. The Royal Society continued to meet at the premises of Gresham College and at Arundel House, the London home of the Dukes of Norfolk, until it moved to its own premises in Crane Court in 1710.  A formal Royal Charter of incorporation passed the Great Seal on 15 Julio 1662, creating "The Royal Society of London", with Lord Brouncker as the first President, and Robert Hooke was appointed as Curator of Experiments in November 1662. A second Royal Charter was sealed on 23 Abril 1663, naming the King as Founder and changing the name to "The Royal Society of London for the Improvement of Natural Knowledge". The motto of the Royal Society, "Nullius in Verba" (latín: "On the words of no one"), signifies the Society's commitment to establishing the truth of scientific matters through experiment rather than through citation of authority. Although this seems obvious today, the philosophical basis of the Royal Society differed from previous philosophies such as Scholasticism, which established scientific truth based on deductive logic, concordance with divine providence and the citation of such ancient authorities as Aristotle. Historical philosophy and significance The Royal Society imagined a network across the globe as a public enterprise, an "Empire of Learning", and strove to remove language barriers within the Sciences. The Royal Society was dedicated to the free flow of information and encouraged communication. Boyle, en particular, began the practice of reporting his experiments in great detail so that others could replicate them, unlike previous alchemists. Sir Isaac Newton was a practising alchemist and his assistant, J. T. Desaguliers, a demonstrator for the Royal Society, was a prominent Freemason. The Society thus had a complex relationship with occultism and secret societies. During the eighteenth century, masonic lodges in France became conduits for circulating scientific texts which could not be made available publicly (see John Toland). Current activities and significance Funding scientific research Publishing Providing science advice, including education Science in Society programme to increase public interest in science This section is a stub. You can help by adding to it. Governance The Society is governed by its Council of Trustees, which is chaired by its President. The members of Council and the President are elected from its Fellowship. Fellowship As with many learned societies, the Society's governance structure is based on its Fellowship. Fellows are elected annually by the existing Fellowship for their "substantial contribution to the improvement of natural knowledge including mathematics, engineering science and medical science". Fellows must be citizens or ordinarily resident of the Commonwealth or Republic of Ireland, otherwise they may be elected as a Foreign Member. There are two additional categories: Royal Fellow, for a member of the Royal family to be admitted, and Honorary Fellow, for someone who has "rendered signal service to the cause of science, or whose election would significantly benefit the Society by their great experience in other walks of life". A maximum of forty-four Fellows, six Foreign Members and one Honorary Fellow may be elected each year.  Council and Officers The Fellowship elects twenty-one members of Council, the governing body and trustees of the society. The chair of the council is the President of the Royal Society, and there are four other titled posts, variously referred to as Vice-Presidents, Secretaries and Officers: The Treasurer, the Foreign Secretary, the Physical Secretary and the Biological Secretary.   Awards The Society awards 10 medals, 6 prizes (which it terms awards) y 9 prize lectureships variously annually, biennially or triennially, according to the terms of reference for each award. The Society also runs The Aventis Prizes for Science Books. Medals and Prize lectures are awarded to scientists in honour of the excellence of their science. Only Fellows can make nominations, which are assessed by committees of Fellows which recommends to the Society's Council who should receive them. Nominees do not have to be Fellows. Recipients of Medals and Prize Lectures receive a struck medal, a scroll, and an honorarium from the Society's private funds. Prize lecturers are required to give a public lecture. . The Prizes often have the word Award in their title, are open to nomination from all. They have a variety of assessment criteria and selection process. Alguno, such as the Michael Faraday Prize, require the recipient to give a public lecture, whereas others, such as the Kohn Award, provide funds for the recipient to undertake a project. A full list of recipients is on the Awards section of the Society's website. Selected bibliography Sylva by John Evelyn Micrographia by Robert Hooke Philosophical Transactions oldest scientific journal continually published The coat-of-arms of the Royal Society as a stained-glass window. The motto is 'Nullius in verba'. Timeline 1640s — informal meetings November 28, 1660 — Royal Society founded at Gresham College 1661 — name first appears in print, and library presented with its first book 1662 — first Royal Charter gives permission to publish 1663 — second Royal Charter 1665 — first issue of Philosophical Transactions 1666 — Fire of London causes move to Arundel House until 1673, then returns to Gresham College  1669 — third Royal Charter; original proposal would have made Chelsea College the permanent home of the Society, but the site became Chelsea Hospital instead 1710 — acquires its own home in Crane Court 1780 — moves to premises at Somerset House provided by the Crown 1847 — changed election criteria so that future Fellows would be elected solely on the merit of their scientific work 1850 — Parliamentary Grant-In-Aid commences, de £1,000, to assist scientists in their research and to buy equipment. 1857 — moved to Burlington House in Piccadilly 1967 — moved to present location on Carlton House Terrace See also History of science Learned societies List of British professional bodies British Academy British Association for the Advancement of Science Royal Institution List of Royal Societies Fellows of the Royal Society Science Abstracts Medals Copley Medal Rumford Medal Royal Medal Davy Medal Darwin Medal Buchanan Medal Hughes Medal Prize Lectures Bakerian lecture In fiction The early days of the Royal Society forms the backdrop for the events of Neal Stephenson's Baroque cycle of novels — Quicksilver, The Confusion and The System of the World References Purver, Margery & Bowen, E. J., The Beginning of the Royal Society, Oxford: The Clarendon Press (1960) Gleick, Jaime, Isaac Newton, Libros Antiguos, ISBN 1-4000-3295-4 Hartley, Sir Harold (editor), The Royal Society: Its Origins and Founders, The Royal Society (1960) Sprat, Tomás, History of the Royal Society, Kessinger Publishing (Febrero 1, 2003), ISBN 0766128679 Lomas, Robert, Freemasonry and the Birth of Modern Science, Fair Winds Press (2003), ISBN 1-55267-755-9 Homes of the Royal Society, The Royal Society, Nd, retrieved 15 Diciembre 2005 External links The Royal Society website — RS list of Fellows The Royal Society of London (from a list of mathematical societies) Bg:Британско кралско научно дружество de:Royal Society es:Royal Society eo:Reĝa Societo de Londono fr:Royal Society nl:Royal Society pt:Royal Society ru:Лондонское королевское общество sl:Kraljeva družba fi:Royal Society sv:Royal Society zh:英国皇家学会 Esta página utiliza contenido con licencia Creative Commons de Wikipedia (ver autores).
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