Phonological loop

The phonological loop, also called the phonetic loop or the articulatory loop, is the part of working memory that rehearses verbal information. It consists of two parts: a short-term phonological store with auditory memory traces that are subject to rapid decay and an articulatory rehearsal component that can revive the memory traces.The first component is a phonological memory store which can hold traces of acoustic or speech based material. Material in this short term store lasts about two seconds unless it is maintained through the use of the second subcomponent, articulatory subvocal rehearsal. Prevention of articulatory rehearsal results in very rapid forgetting (a process known as decay). When a song or tune gets latched onto the phonological loop, it is rehearsed in a constant loop. This is to prevent decay. This explains why sometimes, you can't seem to get a song out of your head. The best way to overcome this phenomenon is to distract your attention away from the tune. This will allow the natural process of decay to rapidly set in on the memory, thereby ending the rehearsal process. Se supone que cualquier información verbal auditiva entra automáticamente en el almacén fonológico.. El lenguaje presentado visualmente puede transformarse en código fonológico mediante la articulación silenciosa y, por lo tanto, codificarse en el almacén fonológico.. This transformation is facilitated by the articulatory control process. El almacén fonológico actúa como un 'oído interno', recordar los sonidos del habla en su orden temporal, mientras que el proceso articulatorio actúa como una 'voz interior' y repite la serie de palabras (u otros elementos del habla) on a loop to prevent them from decaying. The phonological loop may play a key role in the acquisition of vocabulary, particularly in the early childhood years.[1] It may also be vital for learning a second language. Five main findings provide evidence for the phonological loop: El efecto de la similitud fonológica: Las listas de palabras que suenan similares son más difíciles de recordar que las palabras que suenan diferente.. similitud semántica (similitud de significado) tiene un efecto relativamente pequeño, supporting the assumption that verbal information is coded largely phonologically in working memory.[2] El efecto de la supresión articulatoria: La memoria para el material verbal se ve afectada cuando se le pide a la gente que diga algo irrelevante en voz alta.. Se supone que esto bloquea el proceso de ensayo articulatorio., thereby leaving memory traces in the phonological loop to decay.[3] Transfer of information between codes: With visually presented items, adults usually name and sub-vocally rehearse them, so the information is transferred from a visual to an auditory code. Articulatory suppression prevents this transfer, and in that case the above mentioned effect of phonological similarity is erased for visually presented items.[4] Neuropsychological evidence: A defective phonological store explains the behavior of patients with a specific deficit in phonological short-term memory. Aphasic patients with dyspraxia are unable to set up the speech motor codes necessary for articulation, caused by a deficiency of the articulatory rehearsal process.[5] Por otro lado, patients with dysarthria, whose speech problems are secondary, show a normal capacity for rehearsal. This suggests that it is the subvocal rehearsing that is crucial.[6] Contenido 1 Ver también 2 References & Bibliography 3 Textos clave 3.1 Libros 3.2 Papeles 4 Material adicional 4.1 Libros 4.2 Papeles 5 External links See also Baddeley's model of working memory References & Bibliography ↑ Baddeley A, Gathercole S, Papagno C (Enero 1998). The phonological loop as a language learning device. Psychol Rev 105 (1): 158–73. ↑ a) Conrad. R. & Hull, A.J. (1964) Información, acoustic confusion and memory span. Revista británica de psicología. 55, 429–432. b) Baddeley, D.C.. (1966) Short-term memory for word sequences as a function of acoustic, semantic and formal similarity. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology 18, 362–365. ↑ Baddeley, D.C.. et al. (1975). Word length and the structure of short-term memory. Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior 14, 575–589. ↑ Murray, DJ.. (1968). Articulation and acoustic confusability in short term memory. Revista de Psicología Experimental 78, 679–684 ↑ Waters, G.F. et al. (1992). The role of high-level speech planning in rehearsal: Evidence from patients with apraxia of speech. Journal of Memory and Language 31, 54–73. ↑ Baddeley, D.C.. & Wilson, B.A. (1985). Phonological coding and shortterm memory in patients without speech. Journal of Memory and Language 24, 490–502. Key texts Books Papers Additional material Books Papers External links Phonological Loop Value - How phonological loop value affects brand naming. This box: view • talk • edit Memory Types of memory Articulatory suppression‎ | Auditory memory | Autobiographical memory | Collective memory | Early memories | Echoic Memory | Eidetic memory | memoria episódica | Episodic-like memory | Explicit memory |Exosomatic memory | False memory |Flashbulb memory | Iconic memory | Implicit memory | Institutional memory | Long term memory | Music-related memory | Memoria procedimental | Prospective memory | Repressed memory | Retrospective memory | Semantic memory | Sensory memory | Short term memory | Spatial memory | State-dependent memory | Tonal memory | Transactive memory | Transsaccadic memory | Verbal memory | Memoria visual | Visuospatial memory | memoria de trabajo | Aspects of memory Childhood amnesia | Cryptomnesia |Cued recall | Eye-witness testimony | Memory and emotion | Forgetting |Forgetting curve | Free recall | Levels-of-processing effect | Consolidación de la memoria |Memory decay | Memory distrust syndrome |Inhibición de la memoria | Memoria y olfato | Memory for the future | Memory loss | Memory optimization | Memory trace | Mnemonic | Memory biases | Modality effect | Tip of the tongue | Lethologica | Memory loss |Cebado | Efecto de primacía | Reconstrucción | Proactive interference | Incitación | Efectos recientes | Recuerdo (aprendizaje) | Reconocimiento (aprendizaje) | Reminiscence | Retention | Retroactive interference | Efecto de posición en serie | Retiro en serie | Source amnesia | Memory theory Atkinson-Shiffrin | Baddeley | CLARION | Decay theory | Dual-coding theory | Interference theory |Consolidación de la memoria | Memory encoding | Marco de predicción de memoria | Forgetting | Recuerdo | Reconocimiento | Mnemonics Method of loci | Mnemonic room system | Mnemonic dominic system | aprendizaje mnemotécnico | Mnemonic link system |Mnemonic major system | Mnemonic peg system | [[]] |[[]] | Neuroanatomy of memory Amygdala | Hippocampus | corteza prefrontal | Neurobiology of working memory | Neurophysiology of memory | Rhinal cortex | Synapses |[[]] | Neurochemistry of memory Glutamatergic system | of short term memory | [[]] |[[]] | [[]] | [[]] | [[]] | [[]] |[[]] | Developmental aspects of memory Prenatal memory | |Childhood memory | Memory and aging | [[]] | [[]] | Memory in clinical settings Alcohol amnestic disorder | Amnesia | Dissociative fugue | False memory syndrome | False memory | Hyperthymesia | Memory and aging | Memory disorders | Memory distrust syndrome Repressed memory Traumatic memory | Retention measures Benton | CAMPROMPT | Implicit memory testing | Indirect tests of memory | MAS | Memory tests for children | MÁRMOL | Rey-15 | Rivermead | TOMM | Wechsler | WMT | WRAML2 | Treating memory problems CBT | EMDR | Psicoterapia | Recovered memory therapy |Reminiscence therapy | Memory clinic | Memory training | Rewind technique | Prominant workers in memory|- Baddeley | amplio |Ebbinghaus | Kandel |McGaugh | Schacter | Treisman | Tulving | Philosophy and historical views of memory Aristotle | [[]] |[[]] |[[]] |[[]] | [[]] | [[]] | [[]] | Miscellaneous Journals | Aprendizaje, Memoria, y cognición |Journal of Memory and Language |Memoria |Memory and Cognition | [[]] | [[]] | [[]] | Esta página utiliza contenido con licencia Creative Commons de Wikipedia (ver autores).

Si quieres conocer otros artículos parecidos a Phonological loop puedes visitar la categoría Auditory memory.

Deja una respuesta

Tu dirección de correo electrónico no será publicada.

Subir

we use own and third party cookies to improve user experience More information