Muscle fiber

Global view of a neuromuscular junction: 1. Axon 2. Neuromuscular junction 3. Muscle fiber 4. Myofibril A top-down view of skeletal muscle A muscle fiber, also spelled muscle fibre (see spelling differences), also technically known as a myocyte, is a single cell of a muscle. Muscle fibers contain many myofibrils, the contractile unit of muscles. Muscle fibers are very long; a single fiber can reach a length of 30cm. Muscle fibres can be grouped according to what kind of tissue they are found in -- skeletal muscle, smooth muscle, and cardiac muscle. The muscle cells of heart muscle tissue are called cardiomyocytes. Contents 1 Skeletal muscle fibers 2 Type I 3 Type II 4 Type IIa 5 Type IIb 6 Ver también 7 Links Skeletal muscle fibers Skeletal muscle fibers can be further divided into two basic types, type I (slow-twitch fibers) and type II (fast-twitch fibers). Type II is further divided, como sigue: type Type I Type IIa Type IIb Description slow oxidative (SO) fibers fast oxidative-glycolytic (FOG) fast-twitch glycolytic fibers myoglobin high medium low mitochondria many moderate few fatigues? slowly moderate speed fast color red red white diameter narrow medium wide Type I Type I muscle fibers (slow-oxidative fibers) use primarily cellular respiration and, as a result, have relatively high endurance. To support their high-oxidative metabolism, these muscle fibers typically have lots of mitochondria and myoglobin, and thus appear red or what is typically termed "oscuro" meat in poultry. Type I muscle fibers are typically found in muscles of animals that require endurance, such as chicken leg muscles or the wing muscles of migrating birds (p. ej.., geese).  Type II Type II muscle fibers use primarily anaerobic metabolism and have relatively low endurance. These muscle fibers are typically used during tasks requiring short bursts of strength, such as sprints or weightlifting. Type II muscle fibers cannot sustain contractions for significant lengths of time, and are typically found in the white meat (p. ej.., the breast) of chicken. There are two sub-classes of type II muscle fibers, type IIa (Fast-Oxidative) and IIb (Fast-Glycolytic). The Type IIa fast-oxidative fibers actually also appear red, due to their high content of myoglobin and mitochondria. Type IIb (Fast-Glycolytic) tire the fastest, and are the prevalent type in sedentary individuals. These fibers appear white histologically, due to their low oxidative demand, manifested by the lack of myoglobulin and mitochondria (relative to the Type I and Type IIa fibers). Some research suggests that these subtypes can switch with training to some degree. The biochemical difference between the three types of muscle fibers is their myosin heavy chains. Type IIa These are also called the "intermediate fast-twitch fibers". They are a cross between Type I and Type IIb. They can utilize both aerobic and anaerobic pathways for energy metabolism. Type IIb These are also called the "fast-twitch fibers". They rely primarily on glycolisis (anaerobic metabolism) because it is a fast energy pathway. This type of muscle fiber has the highest rate of contraction of all the muscle fiber types, and therefore can produce the greatest kinetic energy. Sin embargo, Type IIb muscle fibers suffer the highest rate of fatigue. See also Myopathy, muscle pathology/diseases myoblast Muscular system - edit Muscular tissue | Muscle contraction | Muscles of the human body Muscular types Cardiac muscle | Músculo esquelético | Smooth muscle Links - Great Article Explaining muscle fibers, especially in relation to training. Physiology at MCG 2/2ch6/2ch6obj This box: view • talk • edit Histology: muscle tissue skeletal muscle/general: epimysium, fascicle, perimysium, endomysium, muscle fiber, myofibril sarcomere (un, Yo, and h bands; z and m lines), myofilaments (thin filament/actin, thick filament/myosin, elastic filament/titin), tropomyosin, troponin neuromuscular junction, intrafusal muscle fiber, extrafusal muscle fiber, motor unit, muscle spindle, sliding filament mechanism myoblast, satellite cells, sarcoplasm, sarcolemma, sarcoplasmic reticulum, T-tubule cardiac muscle: myocardium, intercalated disc smooth muscle: calmodulin, vascular smooth muscle de:Muskelfaser fr:Myocyte sk:Myocyt fi:Lihassolu pt:Fibra muscular This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia (ver autores).

Si quieres conocer otros artículos parecidos a Muscle fiber puedes visitar la categoría Electrically responsive cells.

Deja una respuesta

Tu dirección de correo electrónico no será publicada. Los campos obligatorios están marcados con *


we use own and third party cookies to improve user experience More information