Inhibición de la memoria

En psicología, memory inhibition is the ability not to remember irrelevant information. Memory inhibition is a critical component of an effective memory system. Por ejemplo, imagine if, when a person tried to remember where he had parked his car, every place he had ever parked his car came to mind; this would not be beneficial. In order to remember something, por lo tanto, it is essential not only to activate the relevant information, but also to inhibit irrelevant information. There are many memory phenomena that seem to involve inhibition, although there is often debate about the distinction between interference and inhibition. Contenido 1 Part-set cueing 2 Retrieval-induced forgetting 3 Think/no-think task and intentional memory suppression 4 Rebound effect after mental control 5 Aging and impaired inhibitory processes 6 Ver también 7 Enlaces externos 8 References Part-set cueing Presenting a subset of previously learned items as retrieval "cues" often impairs recall for the remaining information (Roediger, 1973; Slamecka, 1968). Retrieval-induced forgetting Retrieving one exemplar from a set of learned items in a category can impair memory for the other exemplars (Anderson, Bjork, & Bjork, 1994). En este paradigma, participants are first asked to learn a set of category-exemplar word pairs (p. ej.., Fruit-Orange, Fruit-Banana, Tool-Pliers). In a retrieval practice phase, they then are cued to retrieve some of the exemplars (p. ej.., fill in the blank: Fruit-Or____). Finalmente, they are asked to retrieve all of the exemplars (p. ej.., fill in the blanks: Fruit-Or____, Fruit-Ba______, Tool-Pl______, etc.). En este ejemplo, retrieving "naranja" would decrease the likelihood participants would retrieve "banana" but not the likelihood they would retrieve "pliers." Think/no-think task and intentional memory suppression During 1990's, when the recovered memory debate was raging, cognitive psychologists were dubious about whether specific memories could be repressed. One stumbling block was that repression had not been demonstrated in a research study. While it does not address the question of whether traumatic memories can be suppressed, a study by Anderson and Green (2001) provides evidence of intentional memory suppression in a lab study. Participants were trained with a list of unrelated word pairs (such as ordeal-roach), so they could respond with the second member of the pair (roach) when they saw the other member (ordeal). Entonces, on each trial in the think/no-think phase, one of the cues from each pair (p. ej.., ordeal) would appear on the screen, either in red or green. Green would indicate the participant should say the other member of the pair (p. ej.., roach). Red would indicate they should look at the cue but NOT think about or say the associated word. The more frequently participants had tried to not think about a particular word, the less likely they were to retrieve it on a final memory test. Importantly for the inhibition argument, this impairment even occurred when participants were given an "independent probe" prueba, por ejemplo, asked to fill in the blank: insect-r_____. Rebound effect after mental control In contrast with Anderson's think/no-think task, in which people do successfully inhibit associated words, when people are asked not to think about something, como "don't think about a white bear," they can suppress thoughts of white bears for a little while, but when they stop trying, suddenly they find themselves thinking of white bears. This rebound effect has been found to occur in dreams after a day of trying not to think of something, también. What might explain the difference between the think/no-think successful inhibition and the rebound effect seen after trying not to think of a white bear? One possibility is that in the think/no-think procedure, participants are asked not to think of the word linked with another word (p. ej.. "ordeal"). Sin embargo, when the control process specifies the thing to be suppressed (por ejemplo, if someone tried not to think of a roach), that control process itself is a reminder of the thing to be avoided. This is an ironic aspect of this type of mental control: what eventually reminds the person of roaches is the very control process that is trying to coordinate the suppression of thoughts of roaches. Aging and impaired inhibitory processes Older adults show impairments on tasks that require inhibiting irrelevant information in working memory, and these impairments may lead to problems in a variety of contexts (p. ej.., Zacks, Hasher, & Li, 2000). See also Emotion and memory External links Daniel Wegner's Thought Suppression Papers Neural Systems Underlying the Suppression of Unwanted Memories Emotional part-set cueing effects References Anderson, M. C, Bjork, R. Un., & Bjork, E. L. (1994). Remembering can cause forgetting: Retrieval dynamics in long-term memory. Revista de Psicología Experimental: Aprendizaje, Memoria, y cognición, 20, 1063-1087. Anderson, M. C., & Green, C. (2001). Suppressing unwanted memories by executive control. Naturaleza, 410, 366-369. Roediger, H. L. (1973). Inhibition in recall from cuing with recall targets. Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior, 12, 644-657. Rundus, D. (1973). Negative effects of using list items as recall cues. Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior, 12, 43-53. Slamecka, N. J. (1968). An examination of trace storage in free recall. Revista de Psicología Experimental, 76, 504-513. Wegner, D. M. (1989). White bears and other unwanted thoughts: Suppression, obsesión, and the psychology of mental control. Nueva York: Viking/Penguin. Wegner, D. M., & Wenzlaff, R. M. (1996). Mental control. In E. T. Higgins & A. Kruglanski (Eds.), Social psychology: Handbook of basic mechanisms and processes (páginas. 466-492). Nueva York: Guilford. Zacks, R. T., Hasher, L., & Li, K. Z. H. (2000). Human memory. In F. Yo. M. Craik & T. Un. Salthouse (Eds.), The Handbook of Aging and Cognition, páginas. 293-258. This box: view • talk • edit Memory Types of memory Articulatory suppression‎ | Auditory memory | Autobiographical memory | Collective memory | Early memories | Echoic Memory | Eidetic memory | memoria episódica | Episodic-like memory | Explicit memory |Exosomatic memory | False memory |Flashbulb memory | Iconic memory | Implicit memory | Institutional memory | Long term memory | Music-related memory | Memoria procedimental | Prospective memory | Repressed memory | Retrospective memory | Semantic memory | Sensory memory | Short term memory | Spatial memory | State-dependent memory | Tonal memory | Transactive memory | Transsaccadic memory | Verbal memory | Memoria visual | Visuospatial memory | memoria de trabajo | Aspects of memory Childhood amnesia | Cryptomnesia |Cued recall | Eye-witness testimony | Memory and emotion | Forgetting |Forgetting curve | Free recall | Levels-of-processing effect | Consolidación de la memoria |Memory decay | Memory distrust syndrome |Inhibición de la memoria | Memoria y olfato | Memory for the future | Memory loss | Memory optimization | Memory trace | Mnemonic | Memory biases | Modality effect | Tip of the tongue | Lethologica | Memory loss |Cebado | Efecto de primacía | Reconstrucción | Proactive interference | Incitación | Efectos recientes | Recuerdo (aprendizaje) | Reconocimiento (aprendizaje) | Reminiscence | Retention | Retroactive interference | Efecto de posición en serie | Retiro en serie | Source amnesia | Memory theory Atkinson-Shiffrin | Baddeley | CLARION | Decay theory | Dual-coding theory | Interference theory |Consolidación de la memoria | Memory encoding | Marco de predicción de memoria | Forgetting | Recuerdo | Reconocimiento | Mnemonics Method of loci | Mnemonic room system | Mnemonic dominic system | aprendizaje mnemotécnico | Mnemonic link system |Mnemonic major system | Mnemonic peg system | [[]] |[[]] | Neuroanatomy of memory Amygdala | Hippocampus | corteza prefrontal | Neurobiology of working memory | Neurophysiology of memory | Rhinal cortex | Synapses |[[]] | Neurochemistry of memory Glutamatergic system | of short term memory | [[]] |[[]] | [[]] | [[]] | [[]] | [[]] |[[]] | Developmental aspects of memory Prenatal memory | |Childhood memory | Memory and aging | [[]] | [[]] | Memory in clinical settings Alcohol amnestic disorder | Amnesia | Dissociative fugue | False memory syndrome | False memory | Hyperthymesia | Memory and aging | Memory disorders | Memory distrust syndrome Repressed memory Traumatic memory | Retention measures Benton | CAMPROMPT | Implicit memory testing | Indirect tests of memory | MAS | Memory tests for children | MÁRMOL | Rey-15 | Rivermead | TOMM | Wechsler | WMT | WRAML2 | Treating memory problems CBT | EMDR | Psicoterapia | Recovered memory therapy |Reminiscence therapy | Memory clinic | Memory training | Rewind technique | Prominant workers in memory|- Baddeley | amplio |Ebbinghaus | Kandel |McGaugh | Schacter | Treisman | Tulving | Philosophy and historical views of memory Aristotle | [[]] |[[]] |[[]] |[[]] | [[]] | [[]] | [[]] | Miscellaneous Journals | Aprendizaje, Memoria, y cognición |Journal of Memory and Language |Memoria |Memory and Cognition | [[]] | [[]] | [[]] | Esta página utiliza contenido con licencia Creative Commons de Wikipedia (ver autores).

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