Memory and aging

Evaluación | Biopsicología | Comparativo | Cognitivo | Del desarrollo | Idioma | Diferencias individuales | Personalidad | Filosofía | Social | Métodos | Estadística | Clínico | Educativo | Industrial | Artículos profesionales | Psicología mundial | Psicología del desarrollo: Cognitive development · Development of the self · Desarrollo emocional · Language development · Moral development · Perceptual development · Personality development · Psychosocial development · Social development · Developmental measures One of the key concerns of older adults is experiencing memory loss, especially as it is one of the hallmark symptoms of Alzheimer's Disease. Sin embargo, memory loss is qualitatively different in normal aging than it is in Alzheimer's Disease. Contents 1 Memory Decline Seen in Normal Aging 2 Domains of Memory Mostly Spared in Normal Aging 3 Qualitative Changes in Memory Processing with Age 4 Ver también 5 Referencias 6 External links Memory Decline Seen in Normal Aging The ability to encode new memories of events or facts and working memory show decline in both cross-sectional and longitudinal studies. These deficits may be related to impairments seen in the ability to refresh recently processed information. Además, even when equated in memory for a particular item or fact, older adults tend to be worse at remembering the source of their information, a deficit that may be related to declines in the ability to bind information together in memory. Domains of Memory Mostly Spared in Normal Aging In contrast, implicit, or procedural memory typically shows no decline with age and semantic knowledge, such as vocabulary, actually improves somewhat with age. Además, the enhancement seen in memory for emotional events is also maintained with age. Qualitative Changes in Memory Processing with Age Most research on memory and aging has focused on how older adults perform less well at a particular memory task. Sin embargo, recently researchers have also discovered that simply saying that older adults are doing the same thing, only less of it, is not always accurate. En algunos casos, older adults seem to be using different strategies than younger adults. Por ejemplo, brain imaging studies have revealed that older adults are more likely to use both hemispheres when completing memory tasks than younger adults. Además, older adults often show a positivity effect when remembering information, which seems to be a result of the increased focus on regulating emotion seen with age. See also Anterograde amnesia Evaluation of memory in older adults Islands of memory Presbyophrenia References Cabeza, R. (2002). Hemispheric asymmetry reduction in older adults: The HAROLD model. Psychology and Aging, 17, 85-100. PDF Fleischman, DA, wilson, R.S., Gabrieli, J.D.E., Bienias, J.L., Bennett, D.A. (2004). A longitudinal study of implicit and explicit memory in old persons. Psychology and Aging, 19, 617-625. Abstract Hedden, T., & Gabrieli, J.D.E. (2004). Insights into the ageing mind: A view from cognitive neuroscience. Nature Reviews Neuroscience, 5, 87-97. PDF Johnson, M.K., Hashtroudi, S., & Lindsay, DS. (1993). Source monitoring. Boletín Psicológico, 114, 3-28. PDF Johnson, M.K., Reeder, J. A., Raye, C.L., & Mitchell, KJ. (2002). Second thoughts versus second looks: An age-related deficit in selectively refreshing just-active information. Psychological Science, 13, 64-67. PDF Mather, M., & Carstensen, L. L. (2005). Aging and motivated cognition: The positivity effect in attention and memory. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 9, 496-502. PDF Mitchell, K.J., Johnson, M.K., Raye, C.L., Mather, M., & D'Esposito, M. (2000). Aging and reflective processes of working memory: Binding and test load deficits. Psychology and Aging, 15, 527-541. PDF Verhaeghen, P. (2003). Aging and vocabulary scores: Un metanálisis. Psychology and Aging, 18, 332-339. Abstract External links Memory-related resources from the National Institutes of Health What is normal memory loss with aging Resources to keep your memory sharp from the AARP Recent findings about aging and emotional memory Laboratory for Alzheimer's and Parkinson's Disease Research - Prof. Dr. Christian Haass This boxview• talk• edit Memory Types of memory Articulatory suppression‎ | Auditory memory| Autobiographical memory| Collective memory| Early memories| Echoic Memory| Eidetic memory| memoria episódica| Episodic-like memory | Explicit memory |Exosomatic memory| False memory|Flashbulb memory| Iconic memory| Implicit memory| Institutional memory| Long term memory| Music-related memory| Memoria procedimental| Prospective memory| Repressed memory| Retrospective memory| Semantic memory| Sensory memory| Short term memory| Spatial memory| State-dependent memory| Tonal memory| Transactive memory| Transsaccadic memory| Verbal memory| Visual memory | Visuospatial memory| memoria de trabajo| Aspects of memory Childhood amnesia| Cryptomnesia|Cued recall| Eye-witness testimony| Memory and emotion| Forgetting|Forgetting curve| Free recall| Levels-of-processing effect| Consolidación de la memoria|Memory decay| Memory distrust syndrome|Inhibición de la memoria| Memoria y olfato| Memory for the future| Memory loss| Memory optimization| Memory trace| Mnemonic| Memory biases| Modality effect| Tip of the tongue| Lethologica| Memory loss|Cebado| Efecto de primacía| Reconstrucción| Proactive interference| Incitación| Efectos recientes| Recuerdo (aprendizaje) | Reconocimiento (aprendizaje) | Reminiscence| Retention| Retroactive interference| Efecto de posición en serie| Retiro en serie| Source amnesia| Memory theory Atkinson-Shiffrin| Baddeley| CLARION| Decay theory| Dual-coding theory| Interference theory|Consolidación de la memoria| Memory encoding| Memory-prediction framework| Forgetting| Recuerdo| Reconocimiento| Mnemonics Method of loci| Mnemonic room system| Mnemonic dominic system| aprendizaje mnemotécnico| Mnemonic link system|Mnemonic major system| Mnemonic peg system| [[]] |[[]] | Neuroanatomy of memory Amygdala| Hippocampus| corteza prefrontal| Neurobiology of working memory| Neurophysiology of memory| Rhinal cortex| Synapses|[[]] | Neurochemistry of memory Glutamatergic system| of short term memory| [[]] |[[]] | [[]] | [[]] | [[]] | [[]] |[[]] | Developmental aspects of memory Prenatal memory| |Childhood memory| Memory and aging| [[]] | [[]] | Memory in clinical settings Alcohol amnestic disorder| Amnesia| Dissociative fugue| False memory syndrome| False memory| Hyperthymesia| Memory and aging| Memory disorders| Memory distrust syndrome Repressed memory Traumatic memory| Retention measures Benton| CAMPROMPT| Implicit memory testing| Indirect tests of memory| MAS| Memory tests for children| MÁRMOL| Rey-15| Rivermead| TOMM| Wechsler| WMT| WRAML2| Treating memory problems CBT| EMDR| Psychotherapy| Recovered memory therapy|Reminiscence therapy| Memory clinic| Memory training| Rewind technique| Prominant workers in memory|- Baddeley| Broadbent|Ebbinghaus| Kandel|McGaugh| Schacter| Treisman| Tulving| Philosophy and historical views of memory Aristotle| [[]] |[[]] |[[]] |[[]] | [[]] | [[]] | [[]] | Miscellaneous Journals| Aprendizaje, Memoria, y cognición|Journal of Memory and Language|Memoria|Memory and Cognition| [[]] | [[]] | [[]] | Esta página utiliza contenido con licencia Creative Commons de Wikipedia (ver autores).

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