List of subjects in Gray's Anatomy:185

Contents 1 structure of the nervous system (Gray's s183) 1.1 Gray's page #721 1.2 Gray's page #722 1.3 Gray's page #723 1.4 Gray's page #724 1.5 Gray's page #725 1.6 Gray's page #726 1.7 Gray's page #727 1.8 Gray's page #728 1.9 Gray's page #729 1.10 Gray's page #730 1.11 Gray's page #732 2 development of the nervous system (Gray's s184) 2.1 Medulla spinalis 2.1.1 Gray's page #733 2.1.2 Gray's page #735 2.2 spinal nerves 2.2.1 Gray's page #735 2.2.2 Gray's page #736 2.3 Brain 2.3.1 Gray's page #736 2.3.2 Gray's page #737 2.4 Hind-brain or Rhombencephalon 2.4.1 Gray's page #738 2.4.2 Gray's page #739 2.4.3 Gray's page #740 2.4.4 Gray's page #741 2.5 Mesencephalon 2.5.1 Gray's page #741 2.6 Prosencephalon 2.6.1 Gray's page #741 2.6.2 Gray's page #742 2.6.3 Diencephalon 2.6.3.1 Gray's page #742 2.6.3.2 Gray's page #743 2.6.4 Telencephalon 2.6.4.1 Gray's page #743 2.6.4.2 Gray's page #744 2.6.4.3 Gray's page #745 2.6.4.4 Gray's page #746 2.6.4.5 Gray's page #747 2.7 Fissures and Sulci 2.7.1 Gray's page #747 2.7.2 Gray's page #748 3 the spinal cord or medulla spinalis (Gray's s185) 3.1 Gray's page #749 3.2 Gray's page #750 3.3 Gray's page #751 3.4 Gray's page #752 3.5 Fissures and Sulci 3.5.1 Gray's page #752 3.5.2 Gray's page #753 3.6 Gray substance 3.6.1 Gray's page #753 3.6.2 Gray's page #754 3.6.3 Gray's page #755 3.6.4 Gray's page #756 3.6.5 Gray's page #757 3.6.6 Gray's page #758 3.7 White substance 3.7.1 Gray's page #758 3.7.2 Gray's page #759 3.7.3 Gray's page #760 3.7.4 Gray's page #761 3.7.5 Gray's page #762 3.7.6 Gray's page #763 3.7.7 Gray's page #764 4 the brain or encephalon (Gray's s186) 4.1 Gray's page #766 4.2 the hind-brain or rhombencephalon (Gray's s187) 4.2.1 Gray's page #767 4.2.2 Myelencephalon 4.2.2.1 Gray's page #767 4.2.2.2 Gray's page #768 4.2.3 Myelencephalon: anterior district of medulla oblongata 4.2.3.1 Gray's page #768 4.2.3.2 Gray's page #769 4.2.4 Myelencephalon: lateral district 4.2.4.1 Gray's page #769 4.2.5 Myelencephalon: posterior district of medulla oblongata - lower part 4.2.5.1 Gray's page #774 4.2.5.2 Gray's page #775 4.2.6 Myelencephalon: posterior district of medulla oblongata - upper part 4.2.6.1 Gray's page #775 4.2.7 Myelencephalon: Cerebrospinal fasciculi 4.2.7.1 Gray's page #775 4.2.7.2 Gray's page #776 4.2.7.3 Gray's page #777 4.2.7.4 Gray's page #778 4.2.7.5 Gray's page #779 4.2.8 Myelencephalon: Gray Substance of the Medulla oblongata 4.2.8.1 Gray's page #779 4.2.8.2 Gray's page #780 4.2.8.3 Gray's page #781 4.2.8.4 Gray's page #782 4.2.9 Myelencephalon: Inferior peduncle (restiform body) 4.2.9.1 Gray's page #782 4.2.9.2 Gray's page #783 4.2.9.3 Gray's page #784 4.2.10 Myelencephalon: Formatio reticularis 4.2.10.1 Gray's page #784 4.2.10.2 Gray's page #785 4.2.11 Metencephalon - pons 4.2.11.1 Gray's page #785 4.2.11.2 Gray's page #786 4.2.11.3 Gray's page #787 4.2.11.4 Gray's page #788 4.2.12 Metencephalon - cerebellum 4.2.12.1 Gray's page #788 4.2.12.2 Gray's page #789 4.2.12.3 Gray's page #790 4.2.12.4 Gray's page #791 4.2.12.5 Gray's page #792 4.2.12.6 Gray's page #793 4.2.12.7 Gray's page #794 4.2.12.8 Gray's page #795 4.2.12.9 Gray's page #796 4.2.13 Fourth ventricle 4.2.13.1 Gray's page #797 4.2.13.2 Gray's page #798 4.2.13.3 Gray's page #799 4.2.13.4 Gray's page #800 4.3 the mid-brain or mesencephalon (Gray's s188) 4.3.1 Cerebral peduncles 4.3.1.1 Gray's page #800 4.3.1.2 Gray's page #801 4.3.1.3 Gray's page #802 4.3.1.4 Gray's page #803 4.3.1.5 Gray's page #804 4.3.1.6 Gray's page #805 4.3.2 Corpora quadrigemina 4.3.2.1 Gray's page #805 4.3.2.2 Gray's page #806 4.3.3 Cerebral aqueduct 4.3.3.1 Gray's page #806 4.3.3.2 Gray's page #807 4.4 the fore-brain or prosencephalon (Gray's s189) 4.4.1 Diencephalon/Thalamencephalon 4.4.1.1 Gray's page #807 4.4.1.2 Gray's page #808 4.4.2 Diencephalon/Thalamencephalon - Thalamus 4.4.2.1 Gray's page #808 4.4.2.2 Gray's page #809 4.4.2.3 Gray's page #810 4.4.2.4 Gray's page #811 4.4.3 Diencephalon/Thalamencephalon - Metathalamus 4.4.3.1 Gray's page #811 4.4.3.2 Gray's page #812 4.4.4 Diencephalon/Thalamencephalon - Epithalamus 4.4.4.1 Gray's page #812 4.4.5 Diencephalon/Thalamencephalon - Hypothalamus 4.4.5.1 Gray's page #812 4.4.5.2 Gray's page #813 4.4.5.3 Gray's page #814 4.4.6 Diencephalon/Other 4.4.6.1 Gray's page #814 4.4.6.2 Gray's page #815 4.4.6.3 Gray's page #816 4.4.7 Telencephalon 4.4.7.1 Gray's page #817 4.4.7.2 Gray's page #818 4.4.7.3 Gray's page #819 4.4.7.4 Gray's page #820 4.4.7.5 Gray's page #821 4.4.8 Telencephalon - Frontal lobe 4.4.8.1 Gray's page #821 4.4.8.2 Gray's page #822 4.4.9 Telencephalon - Parietal lobe 4.4.9.1 Gray's page #822 4.4.9.2 Gray's page #823 4.4.10 Telencephalon - Occipital lobe 4.4.10.1 Gray's page #823 4.4.11 Telencephalon - Temporal lobe 4.4.11.1 Gray's page #823 4.4.11.2 Gray's page #824 4.4.11.3 Gray's page #825 4.4.12 Telencephalon - Limbic lobe 4.4.12.1 Gray's page #825 4.4.12.2 Gray's page #826 4.4.13 Telencephalon - Rhinencephalon 4.4.13.1 Gray's page #826 4.4.13.2 Gray's page #827 4.4.14 Telencephalon - Interior of the Cerebral Hemispheres 4.4.14.1 Gray's page #827 4.4.14.2 Gray's page #828 4.4.14.3 Gray's page #829 4.4.14.4 Gray's page #830 4.4.14.5 Gray's page #831 4.4.14.6 Gray's page #832 4.4.14.7 Gray's page #833 4.4.14.8 Gray's page #834 4.4.14.9 Gray's page #835 4.4.14.10 Gray's page #836 4.4.14.11 Gray's page #837 4.4.14.12 Gray's page #838 4.4.14.13 Gray's page #839 4.4.14.14 Gray's page #840 4.4.14.15 Gray's page #841 4.4.14.16 Gray's page #842 4.4.15 Telencephalon - Structure of the Cerebral Hemispheres 4.4.15.1 Gray's page #842 4.4.15.2 Gray's page #843 4.4.15.3 Gray's page #844 4.4.15.4 Gray's page #845 4.4.15.5 Gray's page #846 4.4.15.6 Gray's page #847 4.4.15.7 Gray's page #848 4.5 composition and central connections of the spinal nerves (Gray's s190) 4.5.1 Gray's page #849 4.5.2 Gray's page #850 4.5.3 Gray's page #851 4.5.4 Gray's page #853 4.5.5 Gray's page #854 4.6 composition and central connections of the cranial nerves (Gray's s191) 4.6.1 Gray's page #855 4.6.2 Gray's page #856 4.6.3 Gray's page #857 4.6.4 Gray's page #858 4.6.5 Gray's page #859 4.6.6 Gray's page #860 4.6.7 Gray's page #861 4.6.8 Gray's page #862 4.6.9 Gray's page #863 4.6.10 Gray's page #864 4.6.11 Gray's page #865 4.6.12 Gray's page #866 4.6.13 Gray's page #867 4.6.14 Gray's page #868 4.6.15 Gray's page #869 4.7 pathways from the brain to the spinal cord (Gray's s192) 4.7.1 Gray's page #870 4.7.2 Gray's page #871 4.7.3 Gray's page #872 4.8 the meninges of the brain and medulla spinalis (Gray's s193) 4.8.1 Gray's page #872 4.8.2 Gray's page #873 4.8.3 Gray's page #874 4.8.4 Gray's page #875 4.8.5 Gray's page #876 4.8.6 Gray's page #877 4.8.7 Gray's page #878 4.8.8 Gray's page #879 4.9 the cerebrospinal fluid (Gray's s194) 4.9.1 Gray's page #880 5 the cranial nerves (Gray's s195) 5.1 the olfactory nerves (Gray's s196) 5.1.1 Gray's page #881 5.2 the optic nerve (Gray's s197) 5.2.1 Gray's page #882 5.2.2 Gray's page #883 5.2.3 Gray's page #884 5.3 the oculomotor nerve (Gray's s198) 5.3.1 Gray's page #884 5.4 the trochlear nerve (Gray's s199) 5.4.1 Gray's page #885 5.5 the trigeminal nerve (Gray's s200) 5.5.1 Gray's page #886 5.5.2 Ophthalmic nerve 5.5.2.1 Gray's page #887 5.5.2.2 Gray's page #888 5.5.2.3 Gray's page #889 5.5.3 Maxillary nerve 5.5.3.1 Gray's page #889 5.5.3.2 Gray's page #890 5.5.3.3 Gray's page #891 5.5.3.4 Gray's page #892 5.5.3.5 Gray's page #893 5.5.4 Mandibular nerve 5.5.4.1 Gray's page #893 5.5.4.2 Gray's page #894 5.5.4.3 Gray's page #895 5.5.4.4 Gray's page #896 5.5.4.5 Gray's page #897 5.5.4.6 Gray's page #898 5.6 the abducent nerve (Gray's s201) 5.6.1 Gray's page #899 5.6.2 Gray's page #900 5.7 the facial nerve (Gray's s202) 5.7.1 Gray's page #901 5.7.2 Gray's page #902 5.7.3 Gray's page #903 5.7.4 Gray's page #904 5.7.5 Gray's page #905 5.8 the acoustic nerve (Gray's s203) 5.8.1 Gray's page #905 5.8.2 Gray's page #906 5.9 the glossopharyngeal nerve (Gray's s204) 5.9.1 Gray's page #906 5.9.2 Gray's page #907 5.9.3 Gray's page #908 5.9.4 Gray's page #909 5.10 the vagus nerve (Gray's s205) 5.10.1 Gray's page #910 5.10.2 Gray's page #911 5.10.3 Gray's page #912 5.10.4 Gray's page #913 5.11 the accessory nerve (Gray's s206) 5.11.1 Gray's page #913 5.12 the hypoglossal nerve (Gray's s207) 5.12.1 Gray's page #914 5.12.2 Gray's page #916 5.12.3 Gray's page #916 6 the spinal nerves (Gray's s208) 6.1 Gray's page #916 6.2 Gray's page #917 6.3 Gray's page #919 6.4 Gray's page #920 6.5 Gray's page #921 6.6 the posterior divisions (Gray's s209) 6.6.1 Gray's page #921 6.6.2 Gray's page #923 6.6.3 Gray's page #924 6.6.4 Gray's page #925 6.7 the anterior divisions (Gray's s210) 6.7.1 Gray's page #925 6.7.2 Superficial Branches of the Cervical plexus 6.7.2.1 Gray's page #926 6.7.2.2 Gray's page #927 6.7.2.3 Gray's page #928 6.7.3 Deep Branches of the Cervical plexus. INTERNAL SERIES 6.7.3.1 Gray's page #928 6.7.3.2 Gray's page #929 6.7.4 Deep Branches of the Cervical plexus. EXTERNAL SERIES 6.7.4.1 Gray's page #930 6.7.5 brachial plexus 6.7.5.1 Gray's page #930 6.7.5.2 Gray's page #931 6.7.6 Supraclavicular Branches 6.7.6.1 Gray's page #932 6.7.6.2 Gray's page #933 6.7.7 Infraclavicular branches 6.7.7.1 Gray's page #933 6.7.7.2 Gray's page #934 6.7.7.3 Gray's page #935 6.7.7.4 Gray's page #936 6.7.7.5 Gray's page #937 6.7.8 Median nerve 6.7.8.1 Gray's page #938 6.7.9 Ulnar nerve 6.7.9.1 Gray's page #939 6.7.9.2 Gray's page #942 6.7.10 Radial nerve 6.7.10.1 Gray's page #943 6.7.10.2 Gray's page #944 6.8 the thoracic nerves (Gray's s211) 6.8.1 Gray's page #944 6.8.2 Gray's page #945 6.8.3 Gray's page #946 6.8.4 Gray's page #948 6.9 the lumbosacral plexus (Gray's s212) 6.9.1 Gray's page #948 6.9.2 Gray's page #949 6.9.3 lumbar plexus 6.9.3.1 Gray's page #949 6.9.3.2 Gray's page #950 6.9.3.3 Gray's page #951 6.9.3.4 Gray's page #952 6.9.3.5 Gray's page #953 6.9.3.6 Gray's page #954 6.9.3.7 Gray's page #955 6.9.3.8 Gray's page #956 6.10 the sacral and coccygeal nerves (Gray's s213) 6.10.1 Gray's page #957 6.10.2 Gray's page #958 6.10.3 Gray's page #959 6.10.4 Gray's page #960 6.10.5 Tibial nerve 6.10.5.1 Gray's page #960 6.10.5.2 Gray's page #962 6.10.5.3 Gray's page #963 6.10.6 Common peroneal nerve 6.10.6.1 Gray's page #964 6.10.6.2 Gray's page #965 6.10.6.3 Gray's page #966 6.10.7 Pudendal plexus 6.10.7.1 Gray's page #966 6.10.7.2 Gray's page #967 6.10.7.3 Gray's page #968 7 the sympathetic nerves (Gray's s214) 7.1 Gray's page #968 7.2 Gray's page #969 7.3 Gray's page #970 7.4 Gray's page #972 7.5 Gray's page #973 7.6 Gray's page #974 7.7 Gray's page #976 7.8 Gray's page #977 7.9 the cephalic portion of the sympathetic system (Gray's s215) 7.9.1 Gray's page #977 7.9.2 Gray's page #978 7.10 the cervical portion of the sympathetic system (Gray's s216) 7.10.1 Gray's page #978 7.10.2 Gray's page #979 7.10.3 Gray's page #980 7.10.4 Gray's page #981 7.11 the thoracic portion of the sympathetic system (Gray's s217) 7.11.1 Gray's page #981 7.12 the abdominal portion of the sympathetic system (Gray's s218) 7.12.1 Gray's page #982 7.13 the pelvic portion of the sympathetic system (Gray's s219) 7.13.1 Gray's page #984 7.14 the great plexuses of the sympathetic system (Gray's s220) 7.14.1 Gray's page #984 7.14.2 Gray's page #985 7.14.3 Gray's page #986 7.14.4 Gray's page #987 7.14.5 Gray's page #988 7.14.6 Gray's page #989 8 See also structure of the nervous system (Gray's s183) Gray's page #721 nerve fibers gray substance and white substance Gray's page #722 Neuroglia Nerve cells Unipolar cells Bipolar cells Multipolar cells Pyramidal cell Gray's page #723 axis-cylinder process or axon protoplasmic processes or dendrons cyton Nissl's granules Gray's page #724 cone of origin Nerve fibers medullated fibers or white fibers Gray's page #725 white substance of Schwann or medullary sheath neurolemma, primitive sheath, or nucleated sheath of Schwann axis-cylinder primitive fibrillæ of Schultze neurokeratin Gray's page #726 medullary sheath, or white matter of Schwann Gray's page #727 nodes of Ranvier internodal segment Ranvier's crosses Frommann's lines medullary segments, or segments of Lantermann neurolemma or primitive sheath Wallerian degeneration Gray's page #728 Non-medullated Fibers gray or gelatinous nerve fibers (fibers of Remak) Structure of the Peripheral nerves and Ganglia cerebrospinal nerves funiculus fasciculi epineurium perineurium endoneurium vasomotor fibers spheroidal tactile corpuscles or end bulbs of Krause nervi nervorum plexus Gray's page #729 sympathetic nerves sensory nerves, or centripetal nerves or afferent nerves centrifugal nerves or efferent nerves Origins and Terminations of Nerves Gray's page #730 origins or central terminations; and peripheral terminations Origins of nerves superficial origin or apparent origin deep origin or real origin Peripheral terminations of nerves Motor nerves motor end-plate Ganglia Gray's page #732 Neuron theory neuron synapse or synaptic membrane Fasciculi, tracts or fiber systems development of the nervous system (Gray's s184) Medulla spinalis Gray's page #733 Medulla spinalis Roof-plate of medulla spinalis Floor-plate of medulla spinalis layers Ependymal layer Marginal layer Mantle layer Spongioblasts germinal cells Neuroblasts Gray's page #735 Dorsal lamina (Alar lamina) Ventral lamina (Basal lamina) Terminal ventricle Oval bundle filum terminale spinal nerves Gray's page #735 spinal nerves Gray's page #736 ganglion ridge (neural crest) spinal nerve Brain Gray's page #736 Brain Gray's page #737 ventral cephalic flexure cervical flexure pontine flexure Hind-brain or Rhombencephalon Gray's page #738 Hind-brain isthmus rhombencephali Metencephalon Myelencephalon Gray's page #739 medulla oblongata tractus solitarius oval bundle rhombic lip Gray's page #740 Rhombic grooves Pons: development of: Cerebellum: development of: Fissura prima (cerebellum) Fissura secunda (cerebellum) Gray's page #741 Floccular fissure post-nodular fissure incisura fastigii Mesencephalon Gray's page #741 Mesencephalon Prosencephalon Gray's page #741 Prosencephalon Gray's page #742 optic vesicles optic stalks lamina terminalis telencephalon Diencephalon Gray's page #742 Diencephalon thalamus Gray's page #743 metathalamus epithalamus posterior commissure Pineal recess (recessus pinealis) pars mamillaris hypothalami Telencephalon Gray's page #743 Telencephalon Gray's page #744 pars optica hypothalami cerebral hemispheres rhinencephalon Neopallium external rhinal fissure Gray's page #745 corpus striatum caudate nucleus lentiform nucleus neopallium lateral ventricle falx cerebri Gray's page #746 hippocampal fissure hippocampus Commissures Hippocampal commissure Gray's page #747 Commissures corpus callosum fornix anterior commissures septum pellucidum Fissures and Sulci Gray's page #747 central sulcus intraparietal sulcus cingulate sulcus lateral cerebral sulcus (Sylvian fissure) Sylvian fossa Gray's page #748 Development of cranial nerves tractus solitarius oval bundle the spinal cord or medulla spinalis (Gray's s185) Gray's page #749 medulla spinalis or spinal cord conus medullaris filum terminale dura mater epidural cavity subdural cavity arachnoid Gray's page #750 subarachnoid cavity pia mater ligamentum denticulatum spinal ganglion spinal segments (Neuromeres) cauda equina filum terminale filum terminale internum filum terminale externum Gray's page #751 Enlargements of medulla spinalis Gray's page #752 Enlargements of medulla spinalis cervical enlargement lumbar enlargement Fissures and Sulci Gray's page #752 Anterior median fissure (fissura mediana anterior) Posterior median sulcus (sulcus medianus posterior) posterolateral sulcus posterior funiculus postero-intermediate sulcus fasciculus gracilis (tract of Goll) fasciculus cuneatus (tract of Burdach) Gray's page #753 antero-lateral region anterior funiculus lateral funiculus Internal Structure of the Medulla spinalis Gray substance Gray's page #753 Gray substance (substantia grisea centralis) central canal Anterior column (columna anterior; anterior cornu) lateral column (columna lateralis; lateral cornu) Posterior column (columna posterior; posterior cornu) tract of Lissauer substantia gelatinosa of Rolando Gray's page #754 Posterior column (columna posterior; posterior cornu) formatio reticularis Central canal (canalis centralis) anterior gray commissure posterior gray commissure terminal ventricle substantia gelatinosa centralis Gray's page #755 association neurons or intersegmental neurons crossed commissural fibers Gray's page #756 Nerve cells in the Anterior column antero-medial column Gray's page #757 Nerve cells in the Anterior column dorso-medial column Nerve cells in the Lateral column lateral nucleus Gray's page #758 Nerve cells in the Lateral column preganglionic fibers of the sympathetic system Nerve cells in the Posterior column dorsal nucleus (nucleus dorsalis; column of Clarke) cervical nucleus sacral nucleus dorsal spinocerebellar fasciculus (direct cerebellar) nerve cells in the substantia gelatinosa of Rolando Solitary cells posterior basal column White substance Gray's page #758 White substance (substantia alba) tract of Lissauer Gray's page #759 Nerve fasciculi Wallerian degeneration descending degeneration ascending degeneration Fasciculi in the anterior funiculus Descending fasciculi anterior cerebrospinal (fasciculus cerebrospinalis anterior; direct pyramidal tract) Gray's page #760 Fasciculi in the anterior funiculus Descending fasciculi vestibulospinal fasciculus tectospinal fasciculus Ascending fasciculi ventral spinothalamic fasciculus anterior proper fasciculus (fasciculus anterior proprius; anterior basis bundle) Fasciculi in the lateral funiculus Descending fasciculi lateral cerebrospinal fasciculus (fasciculus cerebrospinalis lateralis; crossed pyramidal tract) Gray's page #761 Fasciculi in the lateral funiculus Descending fasciculi rubrospinal fasciculus (Monakow) (prepyramidal tract) olivospinal fasciculus (Helweg) Ascending fasciculi dorsal spinocerebellar fasciculus (fasciculus cerebellospinalis; direct cerebellar tract of Flechsig) superficial antero-lateral fasciculus (tract of Gowers) ventral spinocerebellar fasciculus (Gowers) Gray's page #762 Fasciculi in the lateral funiculus Ascending fasciculi lateral spinothalamic fasciculus secondary sensory fasciculus or spinal lemniscus spinotectal fasciculus spino-quadrigeminal system of Mott fasciculus of Lissauer lateral proper fasciculus (fasciculus lateralis proprius; lateral basis bundle) medial longitudinal fasciculus Fasciculi in the Posterior funiculus fasciculus gracilis (tract of Goll) Gray's page #763 Fasciculi in the Posterior funiculus fasciculus cuneatus (tract of Burdach) Gray's page #764 Posterior proper fasciculus (Posterior ground bundle, Posterior basis bundle) Comma-shaped fasciculus Dorsal peripheral band Oval area of Flechsig Roots of spinal nerves the brain or encephalon (Gray's s186) Gray's page #766 Brain (Encephalon) Brain: divisions of: Cerebral aqueduct (Aqueduct of Sylvius ) the hind-brain or rhombencephalon (Gray's s187) v·d·e Brain: rhombencephalon (hindbrain) Metencephalon/ pons Dorsal/ (tegmentum) surface: Locus ceruleus Trigeminal lemniscus (Dorsal trigeminal tract, Ventral trigeminal tract) cranial nuclei: GSA: Principal V/Spinal V - VIII-c (Dorsal, Anterior)/VIII-v (Lateral, Superior, Medial, Inferior) - SVE: Motor V - VII - GSE: VI - GVE: VII: Superior salivary nucleus MLF, III, IV and VI (vestibulo-oculomotor fibers, medial vestibulospinal tract) sensory/ascending: Trapezoid body/VIII - Superior olivary nucleus Inferior cerebellar peduncle (Vestibulocerebellar tract) motor/descending: Apneustic center • Pneumotaxic center (Medial parabrachial nucleus) - Lateral parabrachial nucleus Ventral/ (base) Middle cerebellar peduncles (Pontocerebellar fibers) - Pontine nuclei motor/descending: Corticospinal tract - Corticobulbar tract - Corticopontine fibers Raphe/reticular Reticular formation (Caudal, Oral, Tegmental, Paramedian) • Raphe nuclei (Median) Myelencephalon/ medulla Dorsal surface: Posterior median sulcus - Postero-lateral sulcus - Area postrema cranial nuclei: GVA: VII,IX,X: Solitary/tract • SVA: Gustatory nucleus • GSE: XII • GVE: IX,X,XI: Ambiguus • SVE: X: Dorsal • IX: Inferior salivatory nucleus - MLF, III, IV and VI sensory/ascending: Gracile nucleus • Cuneate nucleus (Accessory cuneate nucleus) • Sensory decussation • Medial lemniscus motor/descending: Dorsal respiratory group Ventral motor/descending: Ventral respiratory group - Pyramid (Motor decussation) - Inferior olivary nucleus (Olivocerebellar tract, Rubro-olivary tract) surface: Anterior median fissure - Antero-lateral sulcus - Arcuate nucleus of medulla - Olivary body Raphe/reticular Reticular formation (Gigantocellular, Parvocellular, Ventral, Lateral, Paramedian) • Raphe nuclei (Obscurus, Magnus, Pallidus) Gray's page #767 tentorium cerebelli myelencephalon metencephalon isthmus rhombencephali Myelencephalon Gray's page #767 Medulla oblongata (spinal bulb) Anterior median fissure (fissura mediana anterior; ventral or ventromedian fissure) foramen cecum pyramidal decussation anterior external arcuate fibers Posterior median fissure (fissura mediana posterior; dorsal or dorsomedian fissure) Gray's page #768 antero-lateral sulcus postero-lateral sulcus Myelencephalon: anterior district of medulla oblongata Gray's page #768 pyramid of medulla oblongata (pyramis medullæ oblongatæ) pyramidal decussation Gray's page #769 medial longitudinal fasciculus Myelencephalon: lateral district Gray's page #769 olive (oliva; olivary body) Myelencephalon: posterior district of medulla oblongata - lower part Gray's page #774 fasciculus gracilis fasciculus cuneatus clava nucleus gracilis cuneate tubercle nucleus cuneatus Gray's page #775 tubercle of Rolando (tuber cinereum) Myelencephalon: posterior district of medulla oblongata - upper part Gray's page #775 inferior peduncle restiform bodies striæ medullares Myelencephalon: Cerebrospinal fasciculi Gray's page #775 nucleus ambiguus Gray's page #776 fasciculus gracilis fasciculus cuneatus Gray's page #777 medial nucleus lateral nucleus lemniscus (fillet) decussation of the lemniscus (sensory decussation) Gray's page #778 locus cæruleus dorsal spinocerebellar fasciculus (fasciculus cerebellospinalis; direct cerebellar tract) proper fasciculi (basis bundles) Gray's page #779 medial longitudinal fasciculus Myelencephalon: Gray Substance of the Medulla oblongata Gray's page #779 hypoglossal nucleus trigonum hypoglossi nucleus ambiguus Gray's page #780 dorsal nucleus sensory nucleus Gray's page #781 dorsal nucleus ala cinerea (trigonum vagi) nucleus of the cochlear nerve and nucleus of the vestibular nerve olivary nuclei inferior olivary nucleus hilum peduncle of the olive olivocerebellar fibers medial accessory olivary nucleus Gray's page #782 olivary nuclei dorsal accessory olivary nucleus Myelencephalon: Inferior peduncle (restiform body) Gray's page #782 dorsal spinocerebellar fasciculus olivocerebellar fibers Internal arcuate fibers anterior external arcuate fibers nucleus arcuatus Gray's page #783 posterior external arcuate fibers Gray's page #784 terminal sensory nuclei ventral spinocerebellar fasciculus cerebellum Myelencephalon: Formatio reticularis Gray's page #784 reticularis alba reticularis grisea inferior central nucleus (nucleus of Roller) nucleus lateralis lemniscus medial longitudinal fasciculus Gray's page #785 fasciculus solitarius Metencephalon - pons Gray's page #785 Pons (pons Varoli) tænia pontis anterior surface (pars basilaris pontis) middle peduncle sulcus basilaris posterior surface (pars dorsalis pontis) basilar part of the pons superficial transverse fibers (fibræ pontis superficiales) deep transverse fibers (fibræ pontis profundæ) longitudinal fasciculi (fasciculi longitudinales) Gray's page #786 basilar part of the pons nuclei pontis Tegmental part of pons Gray's page #787 Tegmental part of pons trapezoid body trapezoid nucleus medial longitudinal fasciculus pontine nuclei superior olivary nucleus (nucleus olivaris superior) nuclei of the trigeminal nerve (nuclei n. trigemini) motor nucleus mesencephalic root sensory nucleus nucleus of the abducent nerve (nucleus n. abducentis) nucleus of the facial nerve (nucleus n. fascialis) colliculus facialis Gray's page #788 Tegmental part of pons pontine nuclei nucleus of the cochlear nerve lateral cochlear nucleus accessory cochlear nucleus nuclei of the vestibular nerve chief vestibular nucleus spinal vestibular nucleus nucleus of Deiters nucleus of Bechterew medial nucleus area acustica lateral nucleus Metencephalon - cerebellum Gray's page #788 Cerebellum vermis vallecula cerebelli superior vermis inferior vermis posterior cerebellar notch anterior cerebellar notch Gray's page #789 horizontal sulcus upper surface of the cerebellum lingula (lingula cerebelli) lobulus centralis precentral fissure ala lobuli centralis monticulus postcentral fissure quadrangular lobule preclival fissure Gray's page #790 culmen clivus lobus culminis lobus clivi folium vermis (folium cacuminis; cacuminal lobe) superior semilunar lobule (lobulus semilunaris superior; postero-superior lobules) horizontal sulcus lobus semilunaris under surface of the cerebellum inferior vermis sulcus valleculæ nodule uvula pyramid tuber vermis flocculus tonsilla cerebelli biventral lobule inferior semilunar lobule postnodular fissure prepyramidal fissure postpyramidal fissure nodule (nodulus vermis; nodular lobe) Gray's page #791 posterior medullary velum flocculus lobus noduli uvula (uvula vermis; uvular lobe) sulcus valleculæ furrowed band tonsilla (tonsilla cerebelli; amygdaline nucleus) bird's nest (nidus avis) lobus pyramidis biventral lobule Tuber vermis (tuber valvulæ) Inferior semilunar lobule (lobulus semilunaris inferior; postero-superior lobule) lobus tuberus (tuberæ lobe) White substance dentate nucleus arbor vitæ projection fibers Gray's page #792 superior cerebellar peduncles (brachia conjunctiva) Gray's page #793 ventral spinocerebellar fasciculus middle cerebellar peduncles (brachia pontis) superior fasciculus inferior fasciculus deep fasciculus inferior cerebellar peduncles (restiform bodies) anterior medullary velum (velum medullare anterius; valve of Vieussens; superior medullary velum) Gray's page #794 posterior medullary velum (velum medullare posterius; inferior medullary velum) Fibræ propriæ commissural fibers arcuate fibers (association fibers) Gray substance gray substance of the cortex cells of Purkinje external gray layer basket cells Gray's page #795 internal rust-colored layer (nuclear layer) Gray's page #796 moss fibers tendril fibers independent centers of gray substance nucleus dentatus nucleus emboliformis nucleus globosus nucleus fastigii Fourth ventricle Gray's page #797 Fourth ventricle (ventriculus quartus) Roof or Dorsal Wall superior peduncle anterior medullary velum posterior medullary velum tæniæ of the fourth ventricle (ligulæ) obex epithelial lining of the ventricle tela chorioidea of the fourth ventricle tæniæ of the fourth ventricle (tænia ventriculi quarti; ligula) Gray's page #798 Roof or Dorsal Wall Cornucopia of Bochdalek obex tela chorioidea of the fourth ventricle Choroid plexuses Openings in the Roof medial aperture (foramen Majendii) lateral apertures (foramina of Luschka) Rhomboid fossa (fossa rhomboidea; "floor" of the fourth ventricle) Gray's page #799 Rhomboid fossa (fossa rhomboidea; "floor" of the fourth ventricle) calamus scriptorius median sulcus medial eminence sulcus limitans colliculus facialis trigonum hypoglossi nucleus intercalatus sulcus limitans Gray's page #800 Rhomboid fossa (fossa rhomboidea; "floor" of the fourth ventricle) locus cæruleus substantia ferruginea superior fovea inferior fovea area acustica tuberculum acusticum striae medullares ala cinerea funiculus separans area postrema the mid-brain or mesencephalon (Gray's s188) Mesencephalon (midbrain) cerebral peduncle: midbrain tegmentum (periaqueductal gray, ventral tegmentum, nucleus raphe dorsalis), pretectum, substantia nigra, red nucleus, pedunculopontine nucleus, medial longitudinal fasciculus, medial lemniscus, rubrospinal tract, lateral lemniscus tectum: corpora quadrigemina, inferior colliculi, superior colliculi cerebral aqueduct: oculomotor nucleus, trochlear nucleus, Edinger-Westphal nucleus Cerebral peduncles Gray's page #800 cerebral peduncles (pedunculus cerebri; crus cerebri) interpeduncular fossa posterior perforated substance interpeduncular ganglion Gray's page #801 cerebral peduncles Oculomotor sulcus lateral sulcus Gray's page #802 base (basis pedunculi; crusta or pes) cerebrospinal fibers frontopontine fibers temporopontine fibers substantia nigra (intercalatum) tegmentum gray substance red nucleus interpeduncular ganglion Gray's page #803 white substance medial longitudinal fasciculus Deiters's nucleus (lateral vestibular nucleus) vestibulospinal fasciculus ventral longitudinal bundle tectospinal fasciculus medial lemniscus Gray's page #804 central tract of the cranial nerves Gray's page #805 thalamic tract of the cranial nerves central tract of the trigeminal nerve rubrospinal tract (bundle of Monakow) lateral lemniscus (lemniscus lateralis) Corpora quadrigemina Gray's page #805 corpora quadrigemina pulvinar pineal body frenulum veli brachium superior brachium Gray's page #806 brachium lateral geniculate body inferior brachium medial geniculate body inferior colliculus (colliculus inferior; inferior quadrigeminal body; postgemina) superior colliculus (colliculus superior; superior quadrigeminal body; pregemina) stratum zonale stratum cinereum stratum opticum stratum lemnisci gray-white layers fountain decussation of Meynert Cerebral aqueduct Gray's page #806 cerebral aqueduct (aqueductus cerebri; aqueduct of Sylvius) ventricle of the mid-brain central gray stratum Gray's page #807 nucleus of the trigeminal nerve nucleus of the oculomotor nerve nucleus of the trochlear nerve the fore-brain or prosencephalon (Gray's s189) Telencephalon (cerebrum, cerebral cortex, cerebral hemispheres) - edit primary sulci/fissures: medial longitudinal, lateral, central, parietoöccipital, calcarine, cingulate frontal lobe: precentral gyrus (primary motor cortex, 4), precentral sulcus, superior frontal gyrus (6, 8), middle frontal gyrus (46), inferior frontal gyrus (Broca's area, 44-pars opercularis, 45-pars triangularis), prefrontal cortex (orbitofrontal cortex, 9, 10, 11, 12, 47) parietal lobe: postcentral sulcus, postcentral gyrus (1, 2, 3, 43), superior parietal lobule (5), inferior parietal lobule (39-angular gyrus, 40), precuneus (7), intraparietal sulcus occipital lobe: primary visual cortex (17), cuneus, lingual gyrus, 18, 19 (18 and 19 span whole lobe) temporal lobe: transverse temporal gyrus (41-42-primary auditory cortex), superior temporal gyrus (38, 22-Wernicke's area), middle temporal gyrus (21), inferior temporal gyrus (20), fusiform gyrus (36, 37) limbic lobe/fornicate gyrus: cingulate cortex/cingulate gyrus, anterior cingulate (24, 32, 33), posterior cingulate (23, 31), isthmus (26, 29, 30), parahippocampal gyrus (piriform cortex, 25, 27, 35), entorhinal cortex (28, 34) subcortical/insular cortex: rhinencephalon, olfactory bulb, corpus callosum, lateral ventricles, septum pellucidum, ependyma, internal capsule, corona radiata, external capsule hippocampal formation: dentate gyrus, hippocampus, subiculum basal ganglia: striatum (caudate nucleus, putamen), lentiform nucleus (putamen, globus pallidus), claustrum, extreme capsule, amygdala, nucleus accumbens Some categorizations are approximations, and some Brodmann areas span gyri. Diencephalon/Thalamencephalon Gray's page #807 Diencephalon Gray's page #808 Thalamencephalon Diencephalon/Thalamencephalon - Thalamus Gray's page #808 Thalami (optic thalamus) anterior extremity posterior extremity Pulvinar lateral geniculate body medial geniculate body superior surface stratum zonale stria terminalis Gray's page #809 tænia thalami sulcus habenulæ trigonum habenulæ inferior surface subthalamic tegmental region substantia innominata of Meynert medial surface massa intermedia (middle commissure or gray commissure of brain) lateral surface Gray's page #810 Thalami: structure of: stratum zonale lateral medullary lamina medial medullary lamina Thalami: connections of: thalamomammillary fasciculus (bundle of Vicq d’Azyr) Gray's page #811 Thalami: stalks of: Diencephalon/Thalamencephalon - Metathalamus Gray's page #811 Metathalamus geniculate bodies medial geniculate body (corpus geniculatum mediale; internal geniculate body; postgeniculatum) lateral geniculate body (corpus geniculatum laterale; external geniculate body; pregeniculatum) Gray's page #812 Metathalamus lower visual centers Diencephalon/Thalamencephalon - Epithalamus Gray's page #812 Epithalamus (see also Habenula and Habenular nuclei) trigonum habenulæ ganglion habenulæ habenular commissure fasciculus retroflexus pineal body (corpus pineale; epiphysis) stalk of the pineal body posterior commissure nucleus of the posterior commissure (nucleus of Darkschewitsch) Diencephalon/Thalamencephalon - Hypothalamus Gray's page #812 Hypothalamus subthalamic tegmental region greater part of the floor of the third ventricle corpora mammillaria tuber cinereum infundibulum hypophysis optic chiasma subthalamic tegmental region stratum dorsale zona incerta corpus subthalamicum (nucleus of Luys) Gray's page #813 corpora mammillaria (corpus albicantia) thalamomammillary fasciculus (bundle of Vicq d’Azyr) tuber cinereum lamina terminalis infundibulum basal optic nucleus of Meynert eminentia saccularis Gray's page #814 hypophysis (pituitary body) diaphragma sella Diencephalon/Other Gray's page #814 Optic chiasma (chiasma opticum; optic commissure) commissure of Gudden Optic tracts lower visual centers optic radiations higher visual center (cortical visual center) Gray's page #815 Third ventricle (ventriculus tertius) choroid plexuses of the third ventricle Gray's page #816 recessus infundibuli lamina terminalis optic recess vulva interventricular foramen (foramen of Monro) recessus pinealis recessus suprapinealis sulcus of Monro massa intermedia Interpeduncular fossa Telencephalon Gray's page #817 Telencephalon cerebral hemispheres Gray's page #818 longitudinal cerebral fissure (Fissura longitudinalis) falx cerebri corpus callosum splenium genu rostrum fornix Cerebral hemispheres: surfaces of: supero-medial border infero-lateral border superciliary border medial occipital border medial orbital border Poles of cerebral hemispheres frontal pole occipital pole temporal pole preoccipital notch Gray's page #819 gyri Sulci and fissures of cerebral hemisphere Lateral cerebral fissure (fissura cerebri lateralis; fissure of Sylvius) Central sulcus (sulcus centralis; fissure of Rolando; central fissure) Gray's page #820 Parietoöccipital fissure (fissura parietoöccipitalis) Calcarine fissure (fissura calcarina) Cingulate sulcus (sulcus cinguli; callosomarginal fissure) Collateral fissure (fissura collateralis) Gray's page #821 Sulcus circularis (circuminsular fissure) Lobes: of cerebral hemisphere Telencephalon - Frontal lobe Gray's page #821 Frontal lobe (lobus frontalis) precentral sulcus superior frontal sulcus and inferior frontal sulcus anterior central gyrus (gyrus centralis anterior; ascending frontal convolution; precentral gyre) superior frontal gyrus (gyrus frontalis superior; superfrontal gyre) Gray's page #822 superior frontal gyrus paramedial sulcus middle frontal gyrus (gyrus frontalis medius; medifrontal gyre) medial frontal sulcus inferior frontal gyrus (gyrus frontalis inferior; subfrontal gyre) orbital part triangular part (cap of Broca) basilar part gyrus of Broca inferior surface or orbital surface orbital sulcus straight gyrus medial surface marginal gyrus paracentral lobule Telencephalon - Parietal lobe Gray's page #822 Parietal lobe (lobus parietalis) intraparietal sulcus of Turner postcentral sulcus Gray's page #823 occipital ramus transverse occipital sulcus superior parietal lobule inferior parietal lobule posterior central gyrus (gyrus centralis posterior; ascending parietal convolution; postcentral gyre) superior parietal lobule (lobulus parietalis superior) arcus parietoöccipitalis inferior parietal lobule (lobulus parietalis inferior; subparietal district or lobule) subparietal sulcus precuneus (quadrate lobe) Telencephalon - Occipital lobe Gray's page #823 Occipital lobe (lobus occipitalis) transverse occipital sulcus lateral occipital sulcus lingual gyrus fusiform gyrus (occipitotemporal convolution) Telencephalon - Temporal lobe Gray's page #823 Temporal lobe (lobus temporalis) Gray's page #824 transverse temporal gyri superior temporal sulcus parallel sulcus middle temporal sulcus superior temporal gyrus middle temporal gyrus inferior temporal gyrus inferior temporal sulcus fusiform gyrus Gray's page #825 Insula (island of Reil; central lobe) opercula of the insula orbital operculum circular sulcus Telencephalon - Limbic lobe Gray's page #825 Limbic lobe cingulate gyrus (gyrus cinguli; callosal convolution) callosal fissure Isthmus: of limbic lobe Gray's page #826 hippocampal gyrus (gyrus hippocampi) cingulum uncus incisura temporalis Hippocampal fissure (fissura hippocampi; dentate fissure) Telencephalon - Rhinencephalon Gray's page #826 Rhinencephalon Olfactory lobe (lobus olfactorius) olfactory bulb (bulbus olfactorius) olfactory tract (tractus olfactorius) lateral stria Gray's page #827 medial stria intermediate stria olfactory trigone (trigonum olfactorium) parolfactory area of Broca (area parolfactoria) anterior perforated substance (substantia perforata anterior) fissure prima Uncus subcallosal gyrus (gyrus subcallosus; peduncle of the corpus callosum) supracallosal gyrus (indusium griseum; gyrus epicallosus) fasciola cinerea fascia dentata hippocampi (gyrus dentatus) fimbriodentate fissure band of Giacomini Telencephalon - Interior of the Cerebral Hemispheres Gray's page #827 centrum ovale minus puncta vasculosa corpus callosum labia cerebri Gray's page #828 callosal fissure centrum ovale majus corpus callosum Genu of corpus callosum Rostrum of corpus callosum Splenium of corpus callosum Gray's page #829 corpus callosum supracallosal gyrus forceps anterior forceps posterior tapetum Ventricles Lateral ventricles (ventriculus lateralis) septum pellucidum interventricular foramen ependyma cornua central part (pars centralis ventriculi lateralis; cella) Gray's page #830 Ventricles anterior cornu (cornu anterius; anterior horn; precornu) Gray's page #831 Ventricles rostrum posterior cornu (cornu posterius; postcornu) calcar avis (hippocampus minor) bulb of the posterior cornu inferior cornu (cornu inferior; descending horn; middle horn; medicornu) Gray's page #832 hippocampus (hippocampus major) Gray's page #833 hippocampus (hippocampus major) pes hippocampi alveus collateral eminence (eminentia collateralis) trigonum collaterale corpus striatum caudate nucleus (nucleus caudatus; caudatum) Gray's page #834 lentiform nucleus (nucleus lentiformis; lenticular nucleus; lenticula) medullary laminæ Putamen Gray's page #835 globus pallidus corticostriate fibers ansa lentiformis claustrum capsula extrema (band of Baillarger) nucleus amygdalæ (amygdala) Gray's page #836 internal capsule (capsula interna) genu geniculate fibers cerebrospinal fibers Gray's page #837 internal capsule (capsula interna) corona radiata external capsule (capsula externa) substantia innominata of Meynert ansa lentiformis stria terminalis (tænia semicircularis) Gray's page #838 terminal vein (vein of the corpus striatum) lamina affixa Fornix Columns of fornix crura body (corpus fornicis) psalterium (lyra) hippocampal commissure ventricle of the fornix (ventricle of Verga) columns (columna fornicis; anterior pillars; fornicolumns) Gray's page #839 thalamomammillary fasciculus (bundle of Vicq d’Azyr) Gray's page #840 olfactory fasciculus crura (crus fornicis; posterior pillars) alveus fimbria hippocampi fascia dentata hippocampi (dentate gyrus) fimbriodentate fissure Interventricular foramen (foramen of Monro) Anterior commissure (precommissure) Septum pellucidum (septum lucidum) cavity of the septum pellucidum (cavum septi pellucidi; pseudocele; fifth ventricle) Choroid plexus of the lateral ventricle (plexus chorioideus ventriculus lateralis; paraplexus) Gray's page #841 tela chorioidea of the third ventricle choroidal fissure tela chorioidea of the third ventricle (tela chorioidea ventriculi tertii; velum interpositum) Gray's page #842 transverse fissure of the brain internal cerebral veins (venæ Galeni) great cerebral vein (vena magna Galeni) Telencephalon - Structure of the Cerebral Hemispheres Gray's page #842 cortex white substance Gray's page #843 Projection fibers Transverse fibers or commissural fibers Association fibers short association fibers long association fibers uncinate fasciculus cingulum Gray's page #844 superior longitudinal fasciculus inferior longitudinal fasciculus perpendicular fasciculus occipitofrontal fasciculus Gray's page #845 fornix gray substance of the hemisphere outer band of Baillarger or band of Gennari inner band of Baillarger giant cells of Betz cells of Golgi cells of Martinotti Gray's page #846 Tangential fibers of cerebral cortex plexus of Exner Band of Bechterew Band of Gennari Radial fibers of cerebral cortex Gray's page #847 Visual area of cerebral cortex Visuosensory area Visuopsychic area Motor areas of cerebral cortex Gray's page #848 Olfactory bulb glomeruli Mitral cells composition and central connections of the spinal nerves (Gray's s190) Gray's page #849 typical spinal nerve somatic sensory fibers sympathetic afferent fibers or sensory fibers somatic motor fibers sympathetic efferent fibers or preganglionic fibers Gray's page #850 Intrinsic spinal reflex paths Gray's page #851 Sensory pathways from the Spinal cord to the Brain conscious muscle sense unconscious muscle sense Gray's page #853 Sensory pathways from the Spinal cord to the Brain impulses of pain impulses of temperature Gray's page #854 Sensory pathways from the Spinal cord to the Brain tactile discrimination touch fibers ventral spinothalamic fasciculus superficial antero-lateral fasciculus (tract of Gowers) spinotectal fasciculus spino-olivary fasciculus (olivospinal; bulbospinal, Helweg's bundle) Sympathetic afferent fibers (visceral afferent; viscero-sensory; splanchnic afferent) Sympathetic efferent fibers (splanchnic motor; viscero-motor; preganglionic fibers) composition and central connections of the cranial nerves (Gray's s191) Gray's page #855 Hypoglossal nerve (XII cranial) Accessory nerve (XI cranial) Vagus nerve (X cranial) somatic sensory fibers Gray's page #856 Vagus nerve (X cranial) sympathetic afferent fibers Taste fibers Somatic motor fibers Sympathetic efferent fibers Glossopharyngeal nerve (IX cranial) somatic sensory fibers Gray's page #857 Glossopharyngeal nerve (IX cranial) Sympathetic afferent fibers Taste fibers Somatic motor fibers Sympathetic efferent fibers (motor and secretory fibers) Acoustic nerve (VIII cranial) Cochlear nerve cochlear nucleus striæ medullares Gray's page #858 Acoustic nerve (VIII cranial) trapezoid body cochlear nucleus acoustic tubercle superior olivary nucleus nucleus of the trapezoid body Gray's page #859 Acoustic nerve (VIII cranial) lateral preolivary nucleus or semilunar nucleus mesial preolivary nucleus lateral lemniscus (lateral fillet) fillet of Reil lower and upper nuclei of the lateral lemniscus inferior colliculi (lower or posterior quadrigeminal bodies) medial geniculate body commissure of Gudden Gray's page #860 Vestibular nerve (vestibular root, VIII cranial) dorsal vestibular nucleus (medial or principal nucleus) inferior vestibular nucleus lateral vestibular nucleus (Deiters's nucleus) Gray's page #861 Vestibular nerve (vestibular root, VIII cranial) superior vestibular nucleus (Bechterew's nucleus) Facial nerve (VII cranial) somatic sensory fibers sympathetic afferent fibers Taste fibers Somatic motor fibers Sympathetic efferent fibers (preganglionic fibers) superior salivatory nucleus Abducens nerve (VI cranial) Gray's page #862 Abducens nerve (VI cranial) corticopontine fibers Trigeminal nerve (V cranial) motor nucleus terminal sensory nucleus main sensory nucleus nucleus of the spinal tract of the trigeminal nerve main sensory nucleus tractus spinalis nucleus of the tractus spinalis Gray's page #863 Trigeminal nerve (V cranial) central path of the trigeminal (trigeminothalamic tract) mesencephalic root (descending root of the trigeminal) Trochlear nerve (IV cranial) trochlear nucleus Oculomotor nerve (III cranial) oculomotor nucleus Gray's page #864 Optic nerve or Nerve of Sight (II cranial) Gray's page #865 Optic nerve or Nerve of Sight (II cranial) primary visual centers lateral geniculate body superior colliculus stratum zonale stratum cinereum Gray's page #866 Optic nerve or Nerve of Sight (II cranial) stratum opticum lateral lemniscus tectospinal fasciculus Olfactory nerves (I cranial) or nerves of smell Gray's page #867 Olfactory nerves (I cranial) or nerves of smell lateral olfactory striæ medial olfactory striæ pars olfactoria intermediate olfactory striæ tractus olfactomesencephalicus (basal olfactory bundle of Wallenburg) fasciculus mammillo-tegmentalis (mammillo-tegmental bundle of Gudden) Gray's page #868 fasciculus retroflexus of Meynert interpeduncular ganglion tegmental bundle of Gudden cingulum dentate gyrus indusium medial longitudinal striæ (nerves of Lancisi) lateral longitudinal striæ gyrus subcallosus and the anterior perforated substance (diagonal band of Broca) Gray's page #869 olfactory projection fibers alveus fornix hippocampal commissure (ventral psalterium or lyre) bundle of Vicq d'Azyr (mammillo-thalamic fasciculus) amygdaloid nucleus and the tænia semicircularis (stria terminalis) pathways from the brain to the spinal cord (Gray's s192) Gray's page #870 Motor tract geniculate fibers cerebrospinal fibers decussation of the pyramids lateral cerebrospinal fasciculus (crossed pyramidal tract) anterior cerebrospinal fasciculus (direct pyramidal tract) upper motor neurons lower motor neurons rubrospinal fasciculus Gray's page #871 Tectospinal fasciculus Gray's page #872 vestibulospinal fasciculus (part of the anterior marginal fasciculus or Loewenthal's tract) pontospinal fasciculus (Bechterew) the meninges of the brain and medulla spinalis (Gray's s193) Meninges of the brain and medulla spinalis Dura mater - Falx cerebri - Tentorium cerebelli - Falx cerebelli - Arachnoid mater - Subarachnoid space - Cistern - Cisterna magna - Median aperture - Cerebrospinal fluid - Arachnoid granulation - Pia mater Gray's page #872 Brain: meninges of: Medulla spinalis: meninges of: Membrane: of brain and medulla spinalis Meninges of brain and medulla spinalis Dura mater, cranial: Cranial arachnoid: dura mater Dura mater: encephali Gray's page #873 Dura mater: processes of: Falx cerebri Gray's page #874 Tentorium cerebelli Incisura tentorii Falx cerebelli Diaphragma sellæ Gray's page #875 Endosteal layer of dura mater Meningeal layer of dura mater Dura mater: veins of: Dura mater: nerves of: Dura mater: spinal (Dura mater spinalis) Subdural cavity Epidural space Gray's page #876 Dura mater: structure of: Arachnoid (Arachnoid membrane) Cranial arachnoid (Arachnoidea encephali) Arachnoidea spinalis Arachnoid: structure of: Subarachnoid cavity (Cavum subarachnoideale, Subarachnoid space) Subarachnoid cisternæ (Cisternæ subarachnoidales) Cisterna cerebellomedullaris (Cisterna magna) Cisterna pontis Cisterna interpeduncularis (Cisterna basalis) Gray's page #877 Cisterna chiasmatis Cisterna fossæ cerebri lateralis Cisterna venæ magnæ cerebri Foramina of Majendie Foramina of Luschka Subarachnoid septum Ligamentum denticulatum Cerebrospinal fluid Gray's page #878 Arachnoid villi (Granulationes arachnoideales, Arachnoid granulations, Glandulæ Pacchioni, Pacchionian glands ) Pia mater Gray's page #879 Cranial pia mater Spinal pia mater Linea splendens Ligamentum denticulatum Filum terminale Central ligament of medulla spinalis the cerebrospinal fluid (Gray's s194) Gray's page #880 Cerebrospinal fasciculus: fluid Dentate fissure: ligament Ligament or Ligaments: dentate the cranial nerves (Gray's s195) Major nerves (also see Peripheral nervous system) Cranial nerves: I olfactory | II optic | III oculomotor | IV trochlear | V trigeminal | V1 ophthalmic (lacrimal, frontal, supratrochlear, supraorbital, nasociliary, ciliary ganglion) | V2 maxillary (sphenopalatine ganglion) | V3 mandibular (buccal - auriculotemporal - lingual - inferior alveolar - otic ganglion) | VI abducens | VII facial (chorda tympani, nervus intermedius) | VIII vestibulocochlear (cochlear, vestibular) | IX glossopharyngeal | X vagus (recurrent laryngeal, Alderman's nerve) | XI accessory | XII hypoglossal Posterior spinal nerves: greater occipital C1-C4 - Cervical plexus: lesser occipital | greater auricular | lesser auricular | phrenic | ansa cervicalis C5-C8, T1 - Brachial plexus: supraclavicular branches (dorsal scapular, suprascapular, long thoracic) | lateral cord (musculocutaneous, lateral antibrachial cutaneous, lateral head of median nerve) | medial cord (ulnar, medial head of median nerve, medial antibrachial cutaneous, medial brachial cutaneous) | posterior cord (axillary, radial) T2-T11: intercostal T12, L1-L5 - Lumbar plexus: iliohypogastric | ilioinguinal | genitofemoral | lateral femoral cutaneous | femoral | obturator S1-S4 - Sacral plexus: gluteal | posterior femoral cutaneous | tibial | sciatic | sural | common peroneal S2-S5 - Pudendal plexus: perforating cutaneous | pudendal | visceral | muscular | anococcygeal Cranial nerves (Nervi cerebrales, Cerebral nerves) Nuclei: of origin of motor nerves the olfactory nerves (Gray's s196) Gray's page #881 Olfactory nerves (Nervi olfactorii, first nerve) the optic nerve (Gray's s197) Gray's page #882 Optic nerve (Nervus opticus, Second nerve) Visual center Gray's page #883 Optic chiasma Decussation of optic nerves Commissure of Gudden Gray's page #884 Optic tract the oculomotor nerve (Gray's s198) Gray's page #884 Oculomotor nerve (Nervus oculomotorius, Third nerve ) Nucleus of oculomotor nerve the trochlear nerve (Gray's s199) Gray's page #885 Trochlear nerve (Nervus trochlearis, Fourth nerve) the trigeminal nerve (Gray's s200) Gray's page #886 Trigeminal nerve (Nervus trigeminus, Trifacial nerve, Fifth nerve) Semilunar ganglion (ganglion semilunare, Gasserian ganglion) Cavum Meckelii Ophthalmic nerve Gray's page #887 Ophthalmic nerve (Nervus ophthalmicus) Lacrimal nerve (Nervus lacrimalis) Frontal nerve (Nervus frontalis) Gray's page #888 Frontal nerve Supratrochlear nerve (Nervus supratrochlearis) Supraorbital nerve (Nervus supraorbitalis) Nasociliary nerve (Nervus nasociliaris, Nasal nerve) Long root of ciliary ganglion (Radix longa ganglii ciliaris) Long ciliary nerves (Nervi ciliares longi) Infratrochlear nerve (Nervus infratrochlearis) Ethmoidal branches (Nervi ethmoidales) Ciliary ganglion (ophthalmic ganglion or lenticular ganglion) Ciliary nerves Gray's page #889 Short ciliary nerves Maxillary nerve Gray's page #889 Maxillary nerve (Nervus maxillaris, superior maxillary nerve) In the Cranium Middle meningeal nerve (Nervus meningeus medius, meningeal branch, dural branch) In the Pterygopalatine Fossa Zygomatic nerve (Nervus zygomaticus; Temporomalar nerve; Orbital nerve) Gray's page #890 In the Pterygopalatine fossa Zygomatic nerve (Nervus zygomaticus; Temporomalar nerve; Orbital nerve) Zygomaticotemporal branch Zygomaticofacial branch Sphenopalatine nerves (Nervi sphenopalatini) Posterior superior alveolar branches (Nervus rami alveolares superiores posteriores, posterior superior dental branches) Gray's page #891 In the Infraorbital canal Middle superior alveolar branch (ramus alveolaris superior medius; middle superior dental branch) Anterior superior alveolar branch (ramus alveolaris superior anteriores; Nervus ramus alveolaris superior anteriores, anterior superior dental branch, Anterior superior dental nerve ) nasal branch On the Face Inferior palpebral branches (rami palpebrales inferiores; palpebral branches) External nasal branches (rami nasales externi, Nervus nasales externi) Superior labial branches (rami labiales superiores, Nervus labialis superiores, labial branches) Infraorbital plexus Sphenopalatine ganglion (ganglion of Meckel) Gray's page #892 Sphenopalatine ganglion (ganglion of Meckel) Greater superficial petrosal nerve (Nervus petrosus superficialis major, Large superficial petrosal nerve) Deep petrosal nerve (Nervus petrosus profundus, Large deep petrosal nerve) Nerve of pterygoid canal (Nervus canalis pterygoidei, Vidian nerve) Gray's page #893 Branches of Distribution orbital branches (rami orbitales; ascending branches) palatine nerves (nn. palatini; descending branches) anterior palatine nerve (n. palatinus anterior) middle palatine nerve (n. palatinus medius) posterior palatine nerve (n. palatinus posterior) posterior superior nasal branches (rami nasales posteriores superiores) nasopalatine nerve pharyngeal nerve (pterygopalatine nerve) Mandibular nerve Gray's page #893 mandibular nerve (n. mandibularis; inferior maxillary nerve) Gray's page #894 Nervus spinosus Internal pterygoid nerve (n. pterygoideus internus) Masseteric nerve (Nervus massetericus) Gray's page #895 Deep temporal nerves (nn. temporales profundi) Buccinator nerve (n. buccinatorus; long buccal nerve) External pterygoid nerve (n. pterygoideus externus) Auriculotemporal nerve (n. auriculotemporalis) anterior auricular branches (nn. auriculares anteriores) branches to the external acoustic meatus (n. meatus auditorii externi) articular branches parotid branches (rami parotidei) superficial temporal branches (rami temporales superficiales) Lingual nerve (n. lingualis) Gray's page #896 Inferior alveolar nerve (n. alveolaris inferior; inferior dental nerve) Mylohyoid nerve (n. mylohyoideus) Gray's page #897 dental branches inferior dental plexus incisive branch mental nerve (n. mentalis) Otic ganglion (ganglion oticum) Gray's page #898 Submaxillary ganglion (ganglion submaxillare) the abducent nerve (Gray's s201) Gray's page #899 Abducent nerve (Nervus abducens, Sixth nerve) Gray's page #900 cavernous sinus superior orbital fissure Orbits: relation of nerves in: the facial nerve (Gray's s202) Gray's page #901 Facial nerve (Nervus facialis, Seventh nerve) nervus intermedius (pars intermedii of Wrisberg) Gray's page #902 Geniculum of facial nerve Genicular ganglion of facial nerve Parotid plexus Gray's page #903 greater superficial petrosal nerve (large superficial petrosal nerve) Gray's page #904 Nerve to the stapedius (n. stapedius; tympanic branch) Chorda tympani nerve iter chordæ posterius iter chordæ anterius Gray's page #905 Posterior auricular nerve (n. auricularis posterior) auricular branch occipital branch Digastric branch (ramus digastricus) Stylohyoid branch (ramus stylohyoideus) Temporal branches (rami temporales) Zygomatic branches (rami zygomatici; malar branches) Buccal branches (rami buccales; infraorbital branches) superficial branches deep branches infraorbital plexus Mandibular branch (ramus marginalis mandibulæ) Cervical branch (ramus colli) the acoustic nerve (Gray's s203) Gray's page #905 acoustic nerve (Eighth nerve) Gray's page #906 Cochlear nerve accessory nucleus tuberculum acusticum striæ medullares (striæ acusticæ) lateral lemniscus nucleus of the lateral lemniscus Vestibular nerve ganglion of Scarpa the glossopharyngeal nerve (Gray's s204) Gray's page #906 Glossopharyngeal nerve (Nervus glossopharyngeus, Ninth nerve) Gray's page #907 sensory fibers taste fibers Fasciculus solitarius somatic sensory fibers somatic motor fibers nucleus ambiguus sympathetic efferent fibers Gray's page #908 Ganglia Superior ganglion (ganglion superius; jugular ganglion) Petrous ganglion (ganglion petrosum; inferior ganglion) Gray's page #909 Branches of Distribution Tympanic nerve (n. tympanicus; nerve of Jacobson) Tympanic plexus Carotid branches (n. caroticotympanicus superior and n. caroticotympanicus inferior) Pharyngeal branches (rami pharyngei) Pharyngeal plexus Muscular branch (ramus stylopharyngeus) Tonsillar branches (rami tonsillares) Lingual branches (rami linguales) the vagus nerve (Gray's s205) Gray's page #910 Vagus nerve (Nervus vagus, Tenth nerve; Pneumogastric nerve ) Jugular ganglion (ganglion of the root) Ganglion nodosum (ganglion of the trunk) Posterior pulmonary plexus Esophageal plexus Gray's page #911 Ganglion nodosum (ganglion of the trunk; inferior ganglion) In the Jugular fossa Meningeal branch (ramus meningeus; dural branch) Auricular branch (ramus auricularis; nerve of Arnold) In the Neck Pharyngeal branch (ramus pharyngeus) Gray's page #912 In the Neck Pharyngeal branch (ramus pharyngeus) Pharyngeal plexus Superior laryngeal nerve (n. laryngeus superior) external branch (ramus externus) internal branch (ramus internus) Recurrent nerve (n. recurrens; inferior or recurrent laryngeal nerve) Superior cardiac branches (rami cardiaci superiores; cervical cardiac branches) upper branches lower branch In the Thorax Inferior cardiac branches (rami cardiaci inferiores; thoracic cardiac branches) Gray's page #913 In the Thorax Anterior bronchial branches (rami bronchiales anteriores; anterior or ventral pulmonary branches) Anterior pulmonary plexus Posterior bronchial branches (rami bronchiales posteriores; posterior or dorsal pulmonary branches) posterior pulmonary plexus Esophageal branches (rami æsophagei) esophageal plexus In the Abdomen Gastric branches (rami gastrici) posterior gastric plexus anterior gastric plexus Celiac branches (rami cæliaci) Hepatic branches (rami hepatici) the accessory nerve (Gray's s206) Gray's page #913 accessory nerve (Nervus accessorius, Eleventh nerve; Spinal accessory nerve ) Cranial Part (ramus internus; accessory portion) Spinal Part (ramus externus; spinal portion) the hypoglossal nerve (Gray's s207) Gray's page #914 Hypoglossal nerve (Nervus hypoglossus, Twelfth nerve) Gray's page #916 Meningeal branches (dural branches) Descending ramus (ramus descendens; descendens hypoglossi) ansa hypoglossi Thyrohyoid branch (ramus thyreohyoideus) Muscular branches Gray's page #916 Nervus ramus descendens Nervus thyreohyoideus the spinal nerves (Gray's s208) Gray's page #916 spinal nerves (Nervi spinales) first cervical nerve (suboccipital nerve) Nerve roots Anterior root (radix anterior; ventral root) Posterior root (radix posterior; dorsal root) Gray's page #917 Spinal ganglia (ganglion spinale) Gray's page #919 cauda equina Gray's page #920 spinal nerve gray ramus communicans white ramus communicans somatic fibers sympathetic fibers (splanchnic fibers) Gray's page #921 cells of Dogiel meningeal branch the posterior divisions (Gray's s209) Gray's page #921 posterior divisions (Rami Posteriores) Cervical nerves (Nn. Cervicales) Gray's page #923 Cervical nerves (Nn. Cervicales) medial branch (ramus medialis; internal branch) greater occipital nerve (n. occipitalis major; great occipital nerve) lateral branch (ramus lateralis; external branch) posterior division of the third cervical third occipital nerve posterior cervical plexus posterior divisions of the lower five cervical nerves Thoracic nerves (Nn. Thoracales) medial branches (ramus medialis; internal branch) posterior divisions of the upper six thoracic nerves lateral branches (ramus lateralis; external branch) Gray's page #924 Lumbar nerves (Nn. Lumbales) Sacral nerves (Nn. Sacrales) Gray's page #925 Coccygeal nerve (N. Coccygeus) the anterior divisions (Gray's s210) Gray's page #925 anterior divisions (Rami Anteriores) Cervical nerves (Nn. Cervicales) anterior division of the first (suboccipital nerve) upper four cervical nerves cervical plexus (plexus cervicalis) Superficial Branches of the Cervical plexus Gray's page #926 Smaller occipital nerve (n. occipitalïs minor; small occipital nerve) auricular branch Great auricular nerve (n. auricularis magnus) Gray's page #927 Great auricular nerve anterior branch (ramus anterior; facial branch) posterior branch (ramus posterior; mastoid branch) Cutaneous cervical (n. cutaneus colli; superficial or transverse cervical nerve) ascending branches (rami superiores) Gray's page #928 Cutaneous cervical descending branches (rami inferiores) Supraclavicular nerves (nn. supraclaviculares; descending branches) anterior supraclavicular nerves (nn. supraclaviculares anteriores; suprasternal nerves) middle supraclavicular nerves (nn. supraclaviculares medii; supraclavicular nerves) posterior supraclavicular nerves (nn. supraclaviculares posteriores; supra-acromial nerves) Deep Branches of the Cervical plexus. INTERNAL SERIES Gray's page #928 Communicating branches Muscular branches Communicantes cervicales (communicantes hypoglossi) descendens cervicalis ansa hypoglossi Phrenic nerve (n. phrenicus; internal respiratory nerve of Bell) Gray's page #929 phrenic ganglion Deep Branches of the Cervical plexus. EXTERNAL SERIES Gray's page #930 Communicating branches Muscular branches brachial plexus Gray's page #930 Branchial plexus (plexus brachialis) Gray's page #931 lateral cord medial cord posterior cord Supraclavicular Branches Gray's page #932 Dorsal scapular nerve (n. dorsalis scapulæ; nerve to the Rhomboidei; posterior scapular nerve) Suprascapular (n. suprascapularis) Gray's page #933 Nerve to the subclavius (n. subclavius) Long thoracic nerve (n. thoracalis longus; external respiratory nerve of Bell; posterior thoracic nerve) Infraclavicular branches Gray's page #933 Lateral cord: Musculocutaneous (5, 6, 7 C), Lateral anterior thoracic (5, 6, 7 C), Lateral head of median (6, 7 C) Medial cord: Medial anterior thoracic (8 C, 1 T), Medial antibrachial cutaneous, Medial brachial cutaneous, Ulnar, Medial head of median, Upper subscapular (5, 6 C), Lower subscapular (5, 6 C.) Posterior cord: Thoracodorsal (5, 6, 7 C.), Axillary (5, 6 C.), Radial (6, 7, 8 C, 1 T.) Anterior thoracic nerves (nn. thoracales anteriores) lateral anterior thoracic (fasciculus lateralis) medial anterior thoracic (fasciculus medialis) Subscapular nerves (nn. subscapulares) Gray's page #934 Subscapular nerves upper subscapular (short subscapular) lower subscapular Thoracodorsal nerve (n. thoracodorsalis; middle or long subscapular nerve) Axillary nerve (n. axillaris; circumflex nerve) lateral brachial cutaneous nerve Gray's page #935 Musculocutaneous nerve (n. musculocutaneus) Gray's page #936 lateral antibrachial cutaneous nerve (n. cutaneus antibrachii cutaneous lateralis; branch of musculocutaneous nerve) Gray's page #937 Medial antibrachial cutaneous nerve (n. cutaneus antibrachii medialis; internal cutaneous nerve) Medial brachial cutaneous nerve (n. cutaneus brachii medialis; lesser internal cutaneous nerve; nerve of Wrisberg) Median nerve Gray's page #938 Median nerve (n. medianus) In the forearm muscular branches (rami musculares) volar interosseous nerve (n. interosseus volaris; anterior interosseous nerve) palmar branch (ramus cutaneus palmaris n. mediani) In the palm of the hand proper volar digital nerves common volar digital nerves Ulnar nerve Gray's page #939 Ulnar nerve (n. ulnaris) Gray's page #942 Palmar cutaneous branch of ulnar nerve Radial nerve Gray's page #943 Radial nerve (n. radialis; musculospiral nerve) Muscular branches of the radial nerve (rami musculares) ulnar collateral nerve Cutaneous branches of the radial nerve posterior brachial cutaneous nerve (n. cutaneus brachii posterior; internal cutaneous branch of musculospiral) Gray's page #944 Radial nerve Cutaneous branches of the radial nerve dorsal antibrachial cutaneous nerve (n. cutaneus antibrachii dorsalis; external cutaneous branch of musculospiral) Superficial branch of the radial nerve (ramus superficialis radial nerve) Deep branch of the radial nerve (n. interosseus dorsalis; dorsal or posterior interosseous nerve) dorsal interosseous nerve the thoracic nerves (Gray's s211) Gray's page #944 anterior divisions of the thoracic nerves (rami anteriores; ventral divisions) Gray's page #945 First thoracic nerve first intercostal nerve Upper thoracic nerves (nn. intercostales) thoracic intercostal nerves Lateral cutaneous branches (rami cutanei laterales) Gray's page #946 Intercostobrachial nerve Gray's page #948 Lower thoracic nerves thoracicoabdominal intercostal nerves anterior cutaneous branches lateral cutaneous branches twelfth thoracic nerve lateral cutaneous branch the lumbosacral plexus (Gray's s212) Gray's page #948 lumbosacral plexus (Plexus Lumbosacralis) Lumbar nerves (Nn. Lumbales) anterior divisions of the lumbar nerves (rami anteriores) Gray's page #949 Furcal nerve (Nervus furcalis) lumbar plexus Gray's page #949 lumbar plexus Gray's page #950 Iliohypogastric nerve (n. iliohypogastricus) Gray's page #951 Iliohypogastric nerve (n. iliohypogastricus) lateral cutaneous branch (ramus cutaneus lateralis; iliac branch) anterior cutaneous branch (ramus cutaneus anterior; hypogastric branch) Gray's page #952 Ilioinguinal nerve (n. ilioinguinalis) Gray's page #953 Genitofemoral nerve (n. genitofemoralis; genitocrural nerve) external spermatic nerve (n. spermaticus externus; genital branch of genitofemoral) lumboinguinal nerve (n. lumboinguinalis; femoral or crural branch of genitofemoral) Lateral femoral cutaneous nerve (n. cutaneus femoralis lateralis; external cutaneous nerve) patellar plexus Obturator nerve (n. obturatorius) Gray's page #954 Obturator nerve (n. obturatorius) anterior branch (ramus anterior) posterior branch (ramus posterior) Gray's page #955 Obturator nerve (n. obturatorius) articular branch for the knee-joint Accessory obturator nerve (n. obturatorius accessorius) Femoral nerve (n. femoralis; anterior crural nerve) intermediate cutaneous nerve (ramus cutaneus anterior; middle cutaneous nerve) medial cutaneous nerve (ramus cutaneus anterior; internal cutaneous nerve) Gray's page #956 Femoral nerve (n. femoralis; anterior crural nerve) medial cutaneous nerve (ramus cutaneus anterior; internal cutaneous nerve) subsartorial plexus Muscular branches (rami musculares) nerve to the Pectineus nerve to the Sartorius Saphenous nerve (n. saphenus; long or internal saphenous nerve) infrapatellar branch plexus patellæ articular branch to the hip-joint articular branches to the knee-joint the sacral and coccygeal nerves (Gray's s213) Gray's page #957 Sacral plexus (plexus sacralis) Nerve to the Quadratus femoris and Gemellus inferior Gray's page #958 Nerve to the Obturator internus and Gemellus superior Gray's page #959 Nerve to the Piriformis Superior gluteal nerve (n. glutæus superior) Inferior gluteal nerve (n. glutæus inferior) Posterior femoral cutaneous nerve (n. cutaneus femoralis posterior; small sciatic nerve) Gray's page #960 Posterior femoral cutaneous nerve (n. cutaneus femoralis posterior; small sciatic nerve) gluteal branches (nn. clunium inferiores) perineal branches (rami perineales) inferior pudendal (long scrotal nerve) branches to the back of the thigh and leg Sciatic nerve (n. ischiadicus; great sciatic nerve) Tibial nerve Gray's page #960 Tibial nerve (n. tibialis; internal popliteal nerve) Gray's page #962 Tibial nerve (n. tibialis; internal popliteal nerve) Articular branches (rami articulares) Muscular branches (rami musculares) medial sural cutaneous nerve (n. cutaneus suræ medialis; n. communicans tibialis) Gray's page #963 Tibial nerve (n. tibialis; internal popliteal nerve) sural nerve (n. suralis; short saphenous nerve) lateral dorsal cutaneous nerve medial calcaneal branches (rami calcanei mediales; internal calcaneal branches) medial plantar nerve (n. plantaris medialis; internal plantar nerve) cutaneous branches muscular branches articular branches proper digital nerve of the great toe (nn. digitales plantares proprii; plantar digital branches) three common digital nerves (nn. digitales plantares communes) Lateral plantar nerve (n. plantaris lateralis; external plantar nerve) Common peroneal nerve Gray's page #964 Common peroneal nerve (n. peronæus communis; external popliteal nerve; peroneal nerve) lateral sural cutaneous nerve (n. cutaneus suræ lateralis; lateral cutaneous branch) peroneal anastomotic (n. communicans fibularis) Gray's page #965 Deep peroneal nerve (n. peronæus profundus; anterior tibial nerve) muscular branches articular branch lateral terminal branch (external or tarsal branch) interosseous branches medial terminal branch (internal branch) dorsal digital nerves (nn. digitales dorsales hallucis lateralis et digiti secundi medialis) interosseous branch Gray's page #966 Superficial peroneal nerve (n. peronæus superficialis; musculocutaneous nerve) medial dorsal cutaneous nerve (n. cutaneus dorsalis medialis; internal dorsal cutaneous branch) intermediate dorsal cutaneous nerve (n. cutaneus dorsalis intermedius; external dorsal cutaneous branch) dorsal digital branches Pudendal plexus Gray's page #966 Pudendal plexus (plexus pudendus) Gray's page #967 Perforating cutaneous nerve (n. clunium inferior medialis) Pudendal nerve (n. pudendus; internal pudic nerve) Gray's page #968 Alcock’s canal dorsal nerve of the penis or clitoris inferior hemorrhoidal nerve (n. hæmorrhoidalis inferior) perineal nerve (n. perinei) posterior scrotal branches (or labial) (nn. scrotales (or labiales) posteriores muscular branches nerve to the bulb dorsal nerve of the penis (n. dorsalis penis) Anococcygeal nerves (nn. anococcygei) the sympathetic nerves (Gray's s214) Gray's page #968 sympathetic nervous system Gray's page #969 preganglionic fibers Gray's page #970 cranial sympathetics Sympathetic efferent fibers of the Oculomotor nerve Sympathetic efferent fibers of the Facial nerve Gray's page #972 cranial sympathetics Sympathetic afferent fibers of the Glossopharyngeal nerve Sympathetic efferent fibers of the Vagus nerve Gray's page #973 cranial sympathetics Sympathetic afferent fibers of the Vagus Sacral sympathetics Sacral sympathetic efferent fibers Gray's page #974 Sacral sympathetics Afferent sympathetic fibers Thoracolumbar sympathetics thoracolumbar sympathetic fibers vasoconstrictor fibers Gray's page #976 Thoracolumbar sympathetics central ganglia prevertebral plexuses sympathetic trunks (truncus sympathicus; gangliated cord) ganglion impar Connections with the Spinal nerves gray and white rami communicantes Gray's page #977 Thoracolumbar sympathetics three great gangliated plexuses (collateral ganglia) cardiac plexus solar plexus or epigastric plexus hypogastric plexus the cephalic portion of the sympathetic system (Gray's s215) Gray's page #977 internal carotid nerve internal carotid plexus (plexus caroticus internus; carotid plexus) carotid ganglion deep petrosal Gray's page #978 caroticotympanic cavernous plexus (plexus cavernosus) filaments of connection terminal filaments the cervical portion of the sympathetic system (Gray's s216) Gray's page #978 superior cervical ganglion (ganglion cervicale superius) Inferior branch Lateral branches (external branches) Medial branches (internal branches) laryngopharyngeal branches (rami laryngopharyngei) Gray's page #979 superior cervical ganglion (ganglion cervicale superius) pharyngeal plexus superior cardiac nerve (n. cardiacus superior) Anterior branches (nn. carotici externi) external petrosal nerve middle cervical ganglion (ganglion cervicale medium) Middle cardiac nerve (n. cardiacus medius; great cardiac nerve) Gray's page #980 inferior cervical ganglion (ganglion cervicale inferius) Gray's page #981 inferior cervical ganglion (ganglion cervicale inferius) ansa subclavia (Vieussenii) inferior cardiac nerve (n. cardiacus inferior) offsets to bloodvessels the thoracic portion of the sympathetic system (Gray's s217) Gray's page #981 branches from the upper five ganglia branches from the lower seven ganglia greater splanchnic nerve (n. splanchnicus major; great splanchnic nerve) ganglion splanchnicum lesser splanchnic nerve (n. splanchnicus minor) lowest splanchnic nerve (n. splanchnicus imus; least splanchnic nerve) the abdominal portion of the sympathetic system (Gray's s218) Gray's page #982 Pars Abdominalis S. Sympathici; Lumbar portion of Gangliated cord the pelvic portion of the sympathetic system (Gray's s219) Gray's page #984 ganglion impar branches of distribution glomus coccygeum (coccygeal body) the great plexuses of the sympathetic system (Gray's s220) Gray's page #984 Cardiac plexus (Plexus Cardiacus) superficial part of the cardiac plexus cardiac ganglion of Wrisberg deep part of the cardiac plexus Gray's page #985 Cardiac plexus (Plexus Cardiacus) Posterior coronary plexus (plexus coronarius posterior; left coronary plexus) Anterior coronary plexus (plexus coronarius anterior; right coronary plexus) Celiac plexus (Plexus Cœliacus; Solar plexus) Celiac ganglia (ganglia cæliaca; semilunar ganglia) aorticorenal ganglion phrenic plexus (plexus phrenicus) Gray's page #986 Celiac plexus (Plexus Cœliacus; Solar plexus) ganglion phrenicum hepatic plexus (plexus hepaticus) inferior gastric plexus lienal plexus (plexus lienalis; splenic plexus) Gray's page #987 Celiac plexus (Plexus Cœliacus; Solar plexus) superior gastric plexus (plexus gastricus superior; gastric plexus or coronary plexus) suprarenal plexus (plexus suprarenalis) renal plexus (plexus renalis) spermatic plexus (plexus spermaticus) / ovarian plexus (plexus arteriæ ovaricæ) superior mesenteric plexus (plexus mesentericus superior) ganglion mesentericum superius abdominal aortic plexus (plexus aorticus abdominalis; aortic plexus) inferior mesenteric plexus (plexus mesentericus inferior) left colic sigmoid plexuses superior hemorrhoidal plexus Hypogastric plexus (Plexus Hypogastricus) Pelvic plexuses Gray's page #988 Hypogastric plexus (Plexus Hypogastricus) Middle hemorrhoidal plexus (plexus hæmorrhoidalis medius) Vesical plexus (plexus vesicalis) Prostatic plexus (plexus prostaticus) Gray's page #989 Hypogastric plexus (Plexus Hypogastricus) lesser cavernous nerves (nn. cavernosi penis minores; small cavernous nerves) greater cavernous nerve (n. cavernosus penis major; large cavernous plexus) Vaginal plexus Uterine plexus See also List of images and subjects in Gray's Anatomy List of images in Gray's Anatomy: IX. 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