Evaluación | Biopsicología | Comparativo | Cognitivo | Del desarrollo | Idioma | Diferencias individuales | Personalidad | Filosofía | Social | Métodos | Estadística | Clínico | Educativo | Industrial | Artículos profesionales | Psicología mundial | Idioma: Linguistics · Semiotics · Speech A lexeme is an abstract unit of morphological analysis in linguistics, that roughly corresponds to a set of words that are different forms of "the same word". Por ejemplo, English run, runs, ran and running are forms of the same lexeme. A related concept is the lemma (or citation form), which is a particular form of a lexeme that is chosen by convention to represent a canonical form of a lexeme. Lemmas are used in dictionaries as the headwords, and other forms of a lexeme are often listed later in the entry if they are unusual in some way. A lexeme belongs to a particular syntactic category, has a particular meaning (semantic value), and in inflecting languages, has a corresponding inflectional paradigm; Es decir, a lexeme in many languages will have many different forms. Por ejemplo, the lexeme for run has a present third person singular form runs, a present non-third-singular form run, a past form ran, and a present participle running. The use of the forms of a lexeme is governed by rules of grammar; in the case of English verbs such as run, these include subject-verb agreement and compound tense rules, which determine which form of a verb can be used in a given sentence. A lexicon consists of lexemes. In many formal theories of language, lexemes have subcategorization frames to account for the number and types of complements they occur within sentences and other syntactic structures. The notion of a lexeme is very central to morphology, and thus, many other notions can be defined in terms of it. Por ejemplo, the difference between inflection and derivation can be stated in terms of lexemes: Inflectional rules relate a lexeme to its forms. Derivational rules relate a lexeme to another lexeme. See also Morphology (linguistics) Lexicography Lexical word vs. grammatical word Meme bg:Лексема de:Lexem es:Lexema fr:Lexème gl:Lexema hu:Lexéma nl:Lexeem nn:Leksem nds:Lexem ru:Лексема sv:Lexem This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia (ver autores).
Si quieres conocer otros artículos parecidos a Lexeme puedes visitar la categoría Linguistic morphology.