Korsakoff's psychosis

Korsakoff's syndrome ICD-10 F10.6 ICD-9 291.1, 294.0 OMIM {{{OMIM}}} EnfermedadesDB {{{EnfermedadesDB}}} Medline Plus {{{Medline Plus}}} eMedicina {{{eMedicineSubj}}}/{{{eMedicineTema}}} Malla {{{Número de malla}}} Thiamine-2D-skeletal.png| Korsakoff's psychosis ICD-10 F106 ICD-9 291.1, 294.0 OMIM [1] EnfermedadesDB 14107 Medline Plus [2] eMedicine med/2405 MeSH {{{Número de malla}}} Korsakoff's syndrome (Korsakoff's psychosis, amnesic-confabulatory syndrome), is a degenerative brain disorder caused by the lack of thiamine (vitamin B1) en el cerebro. The syndrome is named after Sergei Korsakoff, the neuropsychiatrist who popularized the theory. Contenido 1 Síntomas 1.1 Indicaciones 2 Tratamiento 3 Causas 4 Estudios de caso 5 Ver también 6 References & Bibliography 7 Textos clave 7.1 Libros 7.2 Papeles 8 Material adicional 8.1 Libros 8.2 Papeles 9 External links Symptoms There are six major symptoms of Korsakoff's syndrome: anterograde and retrograde amnesia, or severe memory loss; confabulation, Es decir, invented memories which are then taken as true due to gaps in memory sometimes associated with blackouts; meager content in conversation; lack of insight, and apathy (the patients lose interest in things quickly and generally appear indifferent to change). These symptoms are caused by a deficiency of thiamine (vitamin B1), which is thought to cause damage to the medial thalamus and possibly to the mammillary bodies of the hypothalamus as well as generalized cerebral atrophy.[1] When Wernicke's encephalopathy accompanies Korsakoff's syndrome, the combination is called the Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome. Korsakoff's is a continuum of Wernicke's encephalopathy, though a recognised episode of Wernicke's is not always obvious. Korsakoff's involves neuronal loss, Es decir, damage to neurons; gliosis which is a result of damage to supporting cells of the central nervous system; and hemorrhage or bleeding in mammillary bodies. Damage to the dorsomedial nucleus of the thalamus is also associated with this disorder. Indications Ataxia Apathy Retrograde amnesia and anterograde amnesia Confabulation (inventing events to compensate for gaps in memory) Tremors Paralysis of muscles controlling the eye Lack of insight to the condition Coma Treatment Treatment involves replacing the thiamine by Intravenous (IV) or intramuscular (IM) inyección, and providing proper nutrition and hydration. Sin embargo, the amnesia and brain damage caused by the disease does not respond to thiamine replacement therapy. En algunos casos, drug therapy is recommended to the patient. If treatment is successful, signs will show within two years though recovery is slow and often incomplete. Alcohol psychology Alcohol use Alcohols Alcohol (grain) Alcoholic beverages Alcohol drinking attitudes Alcohol drinking patterns Legal drinking age Drinking behavior Drinking culture Social drinking Alcohol abuse Alcoholism Alcoholic hallucinosis Acute aclcohol intoxication Alcohol intoxication Alcoholic psychosis Alcohol withdrawal Binge drinking Blood alcohol concentration Chronic alcoholic intoxication Children of alcoholics Delirium tremens Driving under the influence Drunkenness Korsakoff's psychosis Underage drinking Alcohol consumption and health Alcohol and cancer Alcohol and weight Alcoholic liver disease Blackouts Effects of alcohol on the body Fetal alcohol syndrome Long-term effects of alcohol Treatment of alcohol problems Alcohol education Alcohol detoxification Alcohol rehabilitation Alcoholics anonymous Alateen Alcohol (abstinencia) Assessment in alcohol psychology Codependency Drug usage screening Sinclair Method Sobriety This box: view • talk • edit Causes Conditions resulting in the vitamin deficiency and its effects include chronic alcoholism, and severe malnutrition. Alcoholism is often an indicator of poor nutrition, which in addition to inflammation of the stomach lining, causes thiamine deficiency.[2] As well as alcohol abuse, causes include dietary deficiencies, prolonged vomiting, trastornos alimentarios, or the effects of chemotherapy. It can also occur in pregnant women who have a form of extreme morning sickness known as hyperemesis gravidarum.[3] Mercury poisoning can also cause it. Case studies A famous case study is recounted by Oliver Sacks in "The Lost Mariner", which can be found in The Man Who Mistook His Wife for a Hat. Another case is that of the Australian artist Charles Blackman.[4] See also Alcohol amnestic disorder Alcoholic Hallucinosis Alcoholic psychosis Confabulation Dementia References & Bibliography ↑ Kolb & Whishaw: Fundamentals of Human Neuropsychology, 2003, Páginas 473-473 ↑ http://www.alzheimers.org.uk/Facts_about_dementia/What_is_dementia/info_korsakoffs.htm ↑ http://www.healthatoz.com/healthatoz/Atoz/common/standard/transform.jsp?requestURI=/healthatoz/Atoz/ency/korsakoffs_syndrome.jsp ↑ http://www.theage.com.au/news/arts/artists-wonderland-is-back-in-town/2006/07/28/1153816384482.html Key texts Books Papers Jaffe, P.G. and Katz, A.N. (1975) Attenuating anterograde amnesia in Korsakoff's psychosis, Revista de psicología anormal 84: 559-62. Additional material Books Papers Google Scholar External links Strangers is a play by Edward Einhorn based on the syndrome. The Merck Manual: Function And Dysfunction Of The Cerebral Lobes - Amnesias - Korsakoff's syndrome Simple description of Korsakoff's syndrome v·d·e WHO ICD-10 mental and behavioural disorders (F · 290–319) Neurological/symptomatic Dementia (Alzheimer's disease, demencia multiinfarto, Pick's disease, enfermedad de Creutzfeldt-Jakob, Huntington's disease, enfermedad de Parkinson, complejo de demencia por sida, Demencia frontotemporal) · Delirium · Post-concussion syndrome Psychoactive substance alcohol (embriaguez, dependencia al alcohol, Delirium tremens, Korsakoff's syndrome, abuso de alcohol) · opiáceos (dependencia de opiáceos) · sedante hipnótico (abstinencia de benzodiacepinas) · cocaína (dependencia de la cocaína) · general (Intoxicación, Abuso de drogas, Dependencia física, Retiro) Psychotic disorder Schizophrenia (esquizofrenia desorganizada) · Schizotypal personality disorder · Delusional disorder · Folie à deux · Schizoaffective disorder Mood (afectivo) Mania · Bipolar disorder · Clinical depression · Cyclothymia · Dysthymia Neurotic, stress-related and somatoform Anxiety disorder (Agorafobia, Trastorno de pánico, Ataque de pánico, Trastorno de ansiedad generalizada, Ansiedad social) · TOC · Reacción de estrés agudo · PTSD · Trastorno de adaptación · Trastorno de conversión (síndrome de Ganser) · Trastorno somatomorfo (Trastorno de somatización, Desórden dismórfico del cuerpo, hipocondriasis, nosofobia, Da Costa's syndrome, psicoalgia) · Neurasthenia Physiological/physical behavioural Eating disorder (anorexia nerviosa, bulimia nerviosa) · Desorden del sueño (disomnia, insomnio, hipersomnia, parasomnia, Noche de terror, pesadilla) · Disfunción sexual (disfuncion erectil, eyaculación precoz, vaginismo, dispareunia, hipersexualidad) · Postnatal depression Adult personality and behaviour Personality disorder · Passive-aggressive behavior · Kleptomania · Trichotillomania · Voyeurism · Factitious disorder · Munchausen syndrome · Ego-dystonic sexual orientation Mental retardation Mental retardation Psychological development (trastorno del desarrollo) Específico: discurso y lenguaje (trastorno del lenguaje expresivo, afasia, afasia expresiva, Afasia receptiva, Síndrome de Landau-Kleffner, ceceo) · Habilidades escolares (dislexia, disgrafia, síndrome de Gerstmann) · Función motora (dispraxia del desarrollo) Penetrante: Autism · Rett syndrome · Asperger syndrome Behavioural and emotional, childhood and adolescence onset ADHD · Conduct disorder · Oppositional defiant disorder · Separation anxiety disorder · Selective mutism · Reactive attachment disorder · Tic disorder · Tourette syndrome · Speech (tartamudear · abarrotar) This box: view • talk • edit Memory Types of memory Articulatory suppression‎ | Auditory memory | Autobiographical memory | Collective memory | Early memories | Echoic Memory | Eidetic memory | memoria episódica | Episodic-like memory | Explicit memory |Exosomatic memory | False memory |Flashbulb memory | Iconic memory | Implicit memory | Institutional memory | Long term memory | Music-related memory | Memoria procedimental | Prospective memory | Repressed memory | Retrospective memory | Semantic memory | Sensory memory | Short term memory | Spatial memory | State-dependent memory | Tonal memory | Transactive memory | Transsaccadic memory | Verbal memory | Memoria visual | Visuospatial memory | memoria de trabajo | Aspects of memory Childhood amnesia | Cryptomnesia |Cued recall | Eye-witness testimony | Memory and emotion | Forgetting |Forgetting curve | Free recall | Levels-of-processing effect | Consolidación de la memoria |Memory decay | Memory distrust syndrome |Inhibición de la memoria | Memoria y olfato | Memory for the future | Memory loss | Memory optimization | Memory trace | Mnemonic | Memory biases | Modality effect | Tip of the tongue | Lethologica | Memory loss |Cebado | Efecto de primacía | Reconstrucción | Proactive interference | Incitación | Efectos recientes | Recuerdo (aprendizaje) | Reconocimiento (aprendizaje) | Reminiscence | Retention | Retroactive interference | Efecto de posición en serie | Retiro en serie | Source amnesia | Memory theory Atkinson-Shiffrin | Baddeley | CLARION | Decay theory | Dual-coding theory | Interference theory |Consolidación de la memoria | Memory encoding | Marco de predicción de memoria | Forgetting | Recuerdo | Reconocimiento | Mnemonics Method of loci | Mnemonic room system | Mnemonic dominic system | aprendizaje mnemotécnico | Mnemonic link system |Mnemonic major system | Mnemonic peg system | [[]] |[[]] | Neuroanatomy of memory Amygdala | Hippocampus | corteza prefrontal | Neurobiology of working memory | Neurophysiology of memory | Rhinal cortex | Synapses |[[]] | Neurochemistry of memory Glutamatergic system | of short term memory | [[]] |[[]] | [[]] | [[]] | [[]] | [[]] |[[]] | Developmental aspects of memory Prenatal memory | |Childhood memory | Memory and aging | [[]] | [[]] | Memory in clinical settings Alcohol amnestic disorder | Amnesia | Dissociative fugue | False memory syndrome | False memory | Hyperthymesia | Memory and aging | Memory disorders | Memory distrust syndrome Repressed memory Traumatic memory | Retention measures Benton | CAMPROMPT | Implicit memory testing | Indirect tests of memory | MAS | Memory tests for children | MÁRMOL | Rey-15 | Rivermead | TOMM | Wechsler | WMT | WRAML2 | Treating memory problems CBT | EMDR | Psicoterapia | Recovered memory therapy |Reminiscence therapy | Memory clinic | Memory training | Rewind technique | Prominant workers in memory|- Baddeley | amplio |Ebbinghaus | Kandel |McGaugh | Schacter | Treisman | Tulving | Philosophy and historical views of memory Aristotle | [[]] |[[]] |[[]] |[[]] | [[]] | [[]] | [[]] | Miscellaneous Journals | Aprendizaje, Memoria, y cognición |Journal of Memory and Language |Memoria |Memory and Cognition | [[]] | [[]] | [[]] | Esta página utiliza contenido con licencia Creative Commons de Wikipedia (ver autores).

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