síndrome de Gerstmann

· Gray728.svg| Gerstmann syndrome ICD-10 F812 ICD-9 784.69 OMIM [1] EnfermedadesDB 30728 Medline Plus [2] eMedicina / Malla {{{Número de malla}}} Gerstmann syndrome is a neurological disorder. It should not be confused with Gerstmann-Straussler syndrome, which is a transmissible spongiform encephalopathy. Contents 1 Primary symptoms 2 Causas 3 In adults 4 In children 5 Tratamiento 6 Pronóstico 7 Organizaciones 8 Fuentes 9 External links Primary symptoms Gerstmann syndrome is characterized by four primary symptoms: Dysgraphia/agraphia Dyscalculia/acalculia Finger agnosia Left-right disorientation Causes This disorder is often associated with brain lesions in the dominant (usually left) side of the angular and supramarginal gyri near the temporal and parietal lobe junction. There is significant debate in the scientific literature as to whether Gerstmann Syndrome truly represents a unified, theoretically motivated syndrome. Thus its diagnostic utility has been questioned by neurologists and neuropsychologists alike. In adults In adults, the syndrome may occur after a stroke or in association with damage to the parietal lobe. In addition to exhibiting the above symptoms, many adults also experience aphasia, which is a difficulty in expressing oneself when speaking, in understanding speech, or in reading and writing. In children There are few reports of the syndrome, sometimes called developmental Gerstmann syndrome, en ninos. The cause is not known. Most cases are identified when children reach school age, a time when they are challenged with writing and math exercises. En general, children with the disorder exhibit poor handwriting and spelling skills, and difficulty with math functions, including adding, subtracting, multiplying, and dividing. An inability to differentiate right from left and to discriminate among individual fingers may also be apparent. In addition to the four primary symptoms, many children also suffer from constructional apraxia, an inability to copy simple drawings. Frequently, there is also an impairment in reading. Children with a high level of intellectual functioning as well as those with brain damage may be affected with the disorder. Treatment There is no cure for Gerstmann syndrome. El tratamiento es sintomático y de apoyo. Occupational and speech therapies may help diminish the dysgraphia and apraxia. Además, calculators and word processors may help school children cope with the symptoms of the disorder. Prognosis In adults, many of the symptoms diminish over time. Although it has been suggested that in children symptoms may diminish over time, it appears likely that most children probably do not overcome their deficits, but learn to adjust to them. Organizations Learning Disabilities Association of America 4156 Library Road Suite 1 Pittsburgh, PAPÁ 15234-1349 [[email protected]] HTTP://www.ldaamerica.org/ Tel: 412-341-1515 412-341-8077 Fax: 412-344-0224 National Center for Learning Disabilities 381 Park Avenue South Suite 1401 Nueva York, NY 10016 HTTP://www.ld.org/ Tel: 212-545-7510 888-575-7373 Fax: 212-545-9665 Organización Nacional de Trastornos Raros (NORTE) P.O. Caja 1968(55 Kenosia Avenue) Danbury, Connecticut 06813-1968 [[email protected]/] HTTP://www.rarediseases.org/ Tel: 203-744-0100 Voice Mail 800-999-NORD (6673) Fax: 203-798-2291 Sources National Institute Of Neurological Disorders External links http://www.wrongdiagnosis.com/g/gerstmanns_syndrome/intro.htm de:Gerstmann-Syndrom This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia (ver autores).

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