Asesoramiento genético: Bardet-Biedl Syndrome-2

· Bardet-Biedl Syndrome Contents 1 Genetic Etiology 2 Clinical Features 3 Surveillance, Administración, and Treatment Options 4 Psychosocial Issues 5 Support Groups 6 Notes Genetic Etiology Mode of inheritance: Autosomal Recessive. It requires a recessive mutation in one of six loci plus an additional mutation in a second locus, known as triallelic inheritance. Chromosome locations: This syndrome is linked to 6 different loci-BBS1 on 11q13, BBS2 on 16q21, BBS3 on 3p13, BBS4 on 15q22.3, BBS5 on 2q31, and BBS6 on 20p12 Incidence and Carrier Frequency Incidence is 1 en 100,000, with an increased prevalence in Arab and Bedouin populations (1 en 13,500). Carrier frequency is 1 en 179. Clinical Features Obesity Eye Problems: Rod-cone dystrophy (importante) Retinitis pigmentosa Strabismus Cataracts Mouth and Tooth Problems: High arched palate Dental crowding Hypodontia Small tooth roots Cardiac Problems: Left ventricular hypertrophy Other congenital heart defects Hypertension Hepatic Fibrosis Hirschsprung disease (menos que 10% of patients) Hipogonadismo (importante) Undescended testes (10%) Hypothyroidism Asthma (27%) Renal Problems (importante): Nephrogenic diabetes insipidus Irregular kidney contour (fetal lobulation) Polydipsia and Polyuria (66% of patients) Recurrent urinary tract infections (30% of patients) Polydactyly of hands and/or feet (importante) Brachydactyly of hands Speech delays Ataxia Developmental delay Learning disabilities (importante) Diabetes mellitus (15-45% of patients) A clinical diagnosis is made with the presence of 4 major features or 3 major and 2 minor features Age of onset is usually early childhood. Life span is variable, depending on severity and management of symptoms. Testing Chromosomal testing is available. This can be done prenatally as well as postnatally. Surveillance, Administración, and Treatment Options In the clinic, fundoscopic examination of the eyes should be performed through dilated pupils as well as blood pressure measurement and urinalysis for glucose, protein and leukocytes. Baseline investigations should include ERG/VER, ECG, echocardiogram, ultrasound of the kidneys and urinary tract and either an IVP or DMSA/DPTA scan. The child should be evaluated by cardiology, opthamology, urology, nephrology, genética, discurso, endocrinology, and orthopedics. It is not possible to cure this condition, but regular follow-up for symptoms can improve quality of life. Psychosocial Issues Guilt, miedo, enojo, ansiedad, sadness, desperation, and depression are common feelings associated with this diagnosis. It is important to assess the family situation, support system, financial position, and living environment as well as offer any resources to families that may be helpful Support Groups Retinitis Pigmentosa International 23241 Ventura Boulevard Woodland Hills CA 91364 8189920500 8003444877 e-mail: [email protected] Home Page: [1] American Foundation for the Blind 11 Penn Plaza New York NY 10001 2125027600 8002325463 e-mail: [email protected] Home Page: [2] American Printing House for the Blind 1839 Frankfort Avenue Louisville KY 40206-0085 5028952405 8002231839 e-mail: [email protected] Home Page: [3] National Association for Parents of the Visually Impaired P.O. Caja 317 Watertown MA 02472 6179727441 8005626265 e-mail: [email protected] Home Page: [4] Prevent Blindness America 500 East Remington Road Schaumberg IL 60173 8478432020 8003312020 e-mail: [email protected] Home Page: [5] Vision Community Services 23 A Elm St Watertown MA 02472 6179264232 8008523029 e-mail: [email protected] Home Page: [6] Blind Children's Fund 4740 Okemos Road Okemos MI 48864-1637 5173471357 n/a e-mail: [email protected] Home Page: [7] Laurence Moon Bardet Biedl Syndrome c/o The Foundation Fighting Blindness Hunt Valley MD 21031 4107851414 8883943937 e-mail: [email protected] Home Page: [8] American Council of the Blind, Inc. 1155 15th Street Washington DC 20005 2024675081 8004248666 e-mail: [email protected] Home Page: [9] National Association for Visually Handicapped 22 West 21st Street New York NY 10010 2128893141 n/a e-mail: [email protected] Home Page: [10] Notas La información de este esquema se actualizó por última vez en 2002. Material obtained under GFDL Licence from Permission is granted to copy, distribuir y/o modificar este documento bajo los términos de la Licencia de Documentación Libre GNU, Versión 1.2 o cualquier versión posterior publicada por la Free Software Foundation; sin secciones invariantes, sin textos de portada, y sin textos de contraportada. Se incluye una copia de la licencia en la sección titulada "Licencia de documentación libre GNU."

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