Terapia familiar

· Family therapy Approaches Adlerian family therapy CBT Conjoint family therapy Contextual therapy Emotionally Focused Therapy Experential family therapy Family systems therapy Feminist family therapy Medical family therapy Milan systems approach MRI brief therapy Multisystemic therapy Object relations Postmodern Collaborative Therapy Psychoeducation with families Psychoanalytic family therapy Solution focused family therapy Strategic family therapy Structural family therapy Systems family therapy Notable therapists Alfred Adler Nathan Ackerman Tom Andersen Harlene Anderson Harry J Aponte Gregory Bateson (1904 – 1980) Ivan Böszörményi-Nagy Murray Bowen Steve de Shazer Milton H. Erickson Richard Fisch James Framo Harry Goolishian John Gottman Robert-Jay Green Jay Haley Lynn Hoffman Don D. Jackson Sue Johnson Bradford Keeney Walter Kempler Cloe Madanes Salvador Minuchin Braulio Montalvo Virginia Satir Mara Selvini Palazzoli Ross Speck Robin Skynner Paul Watzlawick John Weakland Carl Whitaker Michael White Lyman Wynne Misc Couples therapy Family Family structure History of family therapy Parenting Parenting styles Parent child communication Person-of-the-Therapist This box: view • talk • edit Family therapy, also referred to as couple and family therapy and family systems therapy, and earlier generally referred to as marriage therapy, is a branch of psychotherapy that works with families and couples in intimate relationships to nurture change and development. It tends to view these in terms of the systems of interaction between family members. It emphasizes family relationships as an important factor in psychological health. Como tal, family problems have been seen to arise as an emergent property of systemic interactions, rather than to be blamed on individual members. What the different schools of family therapy have in common is a belief that, regardless of the origin of the problem, and regardless of whether the clients consider it an "individual" o "familia" tema, involving families in solutions is often beneficial. This involvement of families is commonly accomplished by their direct participation in the therapy session. The skills of the family therapist thus include the ability to influence conversations in a way that catalyzes the strengths, sabiduría, and support of the wider system. In the field's early years, many clinicians defined the family in a narrow, traditional manner usually including parents and children. As the field has evolved, the concept of the family is more commonly defined in terms of strongly supportive, long-term roles and relationships between people who may or may not be related by blood. Family therapy has been used effectively in the full range of human dilemmas; there is no category of relationship or psychological problem that has not been addressed with this approach. Contenido 1 History and theoretical frameworks 2 into clinical practice.[44] There has been interest in use of the so-called love hormone – oxytocin – during therapy sessions, although this is still largely experimental and somewhat controversial.[45][46] Evidence base Family therapy has an evolving evidence base. A summary of current evidence is available via the UK's Association of Family Therapy. [1] According to a 2004 French government study conducted by INSERM, Family and couple's therapy was the second most effective therapy after Cognitive behavioral therapy.[47] The study used meta-analysis of over a hundred secondary studies to find some level of effectiveness that was either "proven" o "presunto" to exist. Of the treatments studied, family therapy was presumed or proven effective at treating schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, anorexia and alcohol dependency.[47] Licensing and degrees Family therapy practitioners come from a range of professional backgrounds, and some are specifically qualified or licensed/registered in family therapy (licensing is not required in some jurisdictions and requirements vary from place to place). In the United Kingdom and the United States, family therapists are usually psychologists, Enfermeras, psychotherapists, social workers, or counselors who have done further training in family therapy, either a diploma or an M.Sc.; sin embargo, in the US there is a specific degree and license as a Marriage and Family therapist. Antes de 1999 in California, counselors who specialized in this area were called Marriage, Family and Child Counselors. Hoy, they are known as Marriage and Family Therapists (MFT), and work variously in private practice, in clinical settings such as hospitals, institutions, or counseling organizations. A master's degree is required to work as an MFT in some American states. Most commonly, MFTs will first earn a M.S. or M.A. degree in psychology, family studies, or social work and then spend two to three years completing a program in specific areas of psychology relevant to marriage and family therapy. After graduation, prospective MFTs work as interns under the supervision of a licensed professional and are referred to as an MFTi.[48] Requirements vary, but in most states about 3000 hours of supervised work as an intern are needed to sit for a licensing exam. MFTs must be licensed by the state to practice. Only after completing their education and internship and passing the state licensing exam can they call themselves MFTs and work unsupervised. License restrictions can vary considerably from state to state. In Ohio, por ejemplo, Marriage and Family Therapists are not allowed to diagnose and treat mental and emotional disorders, practice independently, or bill insurance. There have been concerns raised within the profession about the fact that specialist training in couples therapy – as distinct from family therapy in general - is not required to gain a license as an MFT or membership of the main professional body, the AAMFT.[49] Values and ethics in family therapy Since issues of interpersonal conflict, valores, and ethics are often more pronounced in relationship therapy than in individual therapy, there has been debate within the profession about the different values that are implicit in the various theoretical models of therapy and the role of the therapist’s own values in the therapeutic process, and how prospective clients should best go about finding a therapist whose values and objectives are most consistent with their own.[50][51][52] Specific issues that have emerged have included an increasing questioning of the longstanding notion of therapeutic neutrality[53],[54][55] a concern with questions of justice and self-determination,[56] connectedness and independence,[57] "functioning" versus "authenticity",[58] and questions about the degree of the therapist’s "pro-marriage/family" versus "pro-individual" commitment.[59] Founders and key influences Some key developers of family therapy are: Alfredo Adler (fenomenología) Nathan Ackerman (psychoanalytic) Tom Andersen (Reflecting practices and dialogues about dialogues) Harlene Anderson (Postmodern Collaborative Therapy and Collaborative Language Systems) Gregorio Bateson (1904 – 1980) (cibernética, systems theory) Bradford Keeney (cibernética, resource focused therapy) Iván Böszörményi-Nagy (Contextual therapy, intergenerational, relational ethics) Murray Bowen (Systems theory, intergenerational) Steve de Shazer (solution focused therapy) Milton H. Erickson (hypnotherapy, strategic therapy, brief therapy) Richard Fisch (brief therapy, strategic therapy) James Framo (object relations theory, intergenerational) Harry Goolishian (Postmodern Collaborative Therapy and Collaborative Language Systems) John Gottman (casamiento) Robert-Jay Green (LGBT, cross-cultural issues) jay haley (strategic therapy, communications) Lynn Hoffman (strategic, post-systems, collaborative) Don D. Jackson (systems theory) Susan Johnson (Emotionally focused therapy, attachment theory) Cloe Madanes (strategic therapy) Walter Kempler (Gestalt psychology) Salvador Minuchin (estructural) Braulio Montalvo (estructural)[Cómo hacer referencia y vincular a un resumen o texto] Virginia Satir (communications, experiential, conjoint and co-therapy) Mara Selvini Palazzoli (Milan systems) Robin Skynner (Group Analysis) Pablo Watzlawick (Terapia breve, systems theory) John Weakland (Terapia breve, strategic therapy, systems theory) Carl Whitaker (Family systems, experiential, co-therapy) Michael White (narrative therapy) Lyman Wynne (Esquizofrenia, pseudomutuality) Bernard Luskin (Media Psychology, Media and The Family, Media Studies) Journals Category:Family therapy journals include: Australian Journal of Family Therapy Australian & New Zealand Journal of Family Therapy [2] Child and Family Behavior Therapy Contemporary Family Therapy Context Magazine, AFT, UK Family Process Family Relations Journal of Child and Family Studies , ISSN: 1062-1024 (Impresión) 1573-2843 (En línea), Springer Family Matters, Australian Institute of Family Studies Journal of Child and Family Studies[3]', ISSN: 1062-1024 (Impresión) 1573-2843 (En línea), Springer Journal of Comparative Family Studies[4], ASIN: B00007M2W5, Univ of Calgary/Dept Sociology Journal of Family Studies[5], ISSN: 1322-9400, eContent Management Pty Ltd Journal of Family Therapy[6], AFT (Association for Family Therapy & Systemic Practice in the UK) Journal of Marital and Family Therapy[7] Journal of Systemic Therapies Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy, Professional organizations American Association for Marriage and Family Therapy American Family Therapy Academy Association of Family Therapy (REINO UNIDO) European Family Therapy Association (EFTA) International Association of Marriage and Family Counselors National Council on Family Relations The Ackerman Institute for the Family See also AAMFT Alternative dispute resolution . Psychiatric Times. 19 (7). ↑ Herrero, D. Clashing couples to get a spray of love. Sydney Morning Herald May 26, 2007. ↑ Saltar hasta: 47.0 47.1 National Institute for health and medical research (2004), Psicoterapia: Three approaches evaluated, PMID 21348158 ↑ Therapy Center:Credentials. Psicología Hoy. URL a la que se accede en 2008-08-13. ↑ Doherty W (2002). Bad Couples Therapy and How to Avoid It: Getting past the myth of therapist neutrality. Psychotherapy Networker 26 (Nov-Dic): 26–33. ↑ Doherty W, Boss P (1981). "Values and ethics in family therapy" Kniskern DP, Gurman AS Handbook of family therapy, Nueva York: Brunner/Mazel. ↑ Dueck A (1991). "Metaphors, models, paradigms and stories in family therapy" Vande Kemp H Family therapy: Christian perspectives, 175–207, grandes rápidos, MI: Baker Book House. ↑ Wall J, Needham T, Browning DS, James S (Apr 1999). The Ethics of Relationality: The Moral Views of Therapists Engaged in Marital and Family Therapy. Family Relations 48 (2): 139–49. ↑ Grosser GH, Paul NL (Oct 1964). Ethical issues in family group therapy. Am J Orthopsychiatry 34: 875–84. ↑ Hare-Mustin RT (Jun 1978). A feminist approach to family therapy. Fam Process 17 (2): 181–94. ↑ Gottlieb, M.C. (1995). Developing Your Ethical Position in Family Therapy: Special Issues. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Psychological Association (103Rd, Nueva York, NY, Agosto 11-15, 1995). ↑ Melito, R. (2003). Values in the role of the family therapist: Self determination and justice. Journal of Marital and Family Therapy. 29(1):3-11. ↑ Fowers BJ, Richardson FC (1996). Individualism, Family Ideology and Family Therapy. Theory & Psychology 6 (1): 121–51. ↑ Schwartz RB, Nichols MP (2006). Terapia familiar: concepts and methods, 7el, Boston: Pearson/Allyn and Bacon. ↑ USA Today 6/21/2005 Hearts divide over marital therapy. =Further reading Key texts Books Barker P (1987) Basic Family Therapy Blackwell: Oxford McGoldrick, M. & Hardy, K.V. (2009) Re-visioning family therapy:Race culture and gender in clinical practice. Guildford Press Papers Gurman, Un. and Lebow, J. “Couple and Family Therapy.” In Sadock, H. & Sadock, R. Kaplan and Sadock's Comprehensive Textbook of Psychiatry VIII. Nueva York: Williams & Wilkins. Knobloch-Fedders, L.M.; Pinsof, W.M.; and Mann, B.J. (2004). “The Formation of the Therapeutic Alliance in Couple Therapy.” Family Process, 43, 425-442. Lebow, J and Newcomb-Rekart, K.(2004). “Research Assessing Couple and Family Therapies for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder.” In D. Catherall. Handbook of Stress, Trauma, and the Family . (páginas 261-79). Nueva York: Taylor & Francis. Lebow, J. (2004).“Guidelines for Conducting Couple and Family Therapy.” In G. Koocker, J.C.. Norcross, & S.S. Loma (Eds.) Psychologists Desk Reference (2 nd edition.) Nueva York: Oxford Press. Lebow, J.(2004). “Family Psychology in the First Decade of the 21 st Century.” Family Psychologist , 20, Invierno, 1 & 9-10. Lebow, J.(2004). “Transcending the barriers between science and practice in family psychology,” The Family Psychologist, 12, p.1 & 12-13. Lebow, J.(2004). “Spirituality and Family Therapy.” Family Psychologist, 12, Verano, pp.1 & 33. Lebow, J.(2004). “The Treatment of Children in Families.” Family Psychologist , 12, Primavera, páginas 1 & 10. Lebow, JL. (Ed.) (2005). Handbook of Clinical Family Therapy . John Wiley & Sons Lebow, J.(2005). “Family Therapy in High Conflict Divorce.” In Lebow, J. (Ed.) Handbook of Clinical Family Therapy. John Wiley & Sons. Lebow, J.(2005). “Family Therapy in the 21 st Century.” In Lebow, J.(Ed.) Handbook of Clinical Family Therapy. John Wiley & Sons. Pinsof, W. and Lebow, J.L.(2005). (Eds.) Family Psychology: The Art of the Science. Oxford/New York: Oxford University Press. Pinsof, W. & Lebow, J.(2005). “A Scientific Paradigm for Family Psychology.” In Pinsof, W. & Lebow, (Eds.) Family Psychology: The Art of the Science. Nueva York: Oxford University Press. Additional material Books The Dictionary of family psychology and family therapy / S. Richard Sauber ... [et al.]. 2nd ed. c1993. Newbury Park, Calif. : Sage Publications ISBN 0803953321 (hbk) ISBN 080395333X (pbk.) Papers Google Scholar External links Title of ebook: Family Therapy - A Medical Dictionary, Bibliografía, and Annotated Research Guide to Internet References.ISBN: 0497004615.Publisher: ICON Health Publications Bowen Theory Family Therapy Books and Journal Articles This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia (ver autores).

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