Cromosoma 19 (humano)

Cromosoma 19 es uno de los 23 pairs of chromosomes in humans. People normally have two copies of this chromosome. Cromosoma 19 spans more than 63 million base pairs (the building material of DNA) and represents between 2 y 2.5 percent of the total DNA in cells. Identifying genes on each chromosome is an active area of genetic research. Because researchers use different approaches to predict the number of genes on each chromosome, the estimated number of genes varies. Cromosoma 19 likely contains between 1,300 y 1,700 genes. Genes The following are some of the genes located on chromosome 19: APOE: Apolipoprotein E BCKDHA: Branched chain keto acid dehydrogenase E1, alpha polypeptide (maple syrup urine disease) DMPK: Dystrophia myotonica-protein kinase GCDH: Glutaryl-Coenzyme A dehydrogenase HAMP: Hepcidin antimicrobial peptide NOTCH3: Notch homolog 3 (Drosophila) PRX: Periaxin SLC5A5: Solute carrier family 5 (sodium iodide symporter), member 5 STK11: Serine/threonine kinase 11 (Peutz-Jeghers syndrome) Diseases The following diseases are some of those related to genes on chromosome 19: Alzheimer disease CADASIL Centronuclear myopathy autosomal dominant form Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease Congenital hypothyroidism Glutaric acidemia type 1 Hemochromatosis Maple syrup urine disease Myotonic dystrophy Myotubular myopathy autosomal dominant form Peutz-Jeghers syndrome References Gilbert F (1997). Disease genes and chromosomes: disease maps of the human genome. Cromosoma 19. Genet Test 1 (2): 145-9. PMID 10464639. Grimwood J, Gordon LA, Olsen A, Terry A, Schmutz J, Lamerdin J, Hellsten U, Goodstein D, Couronne O, Tran-Gyamfi M, Aerts A, Altherr M, Ashworth L, Bajorek E, Black S, Branscomb E, Caenepeel S, Carrano A, Caoile C, Chan YM, Christensen M, Cleland CA, Copeland A, Dalin E, Dehal P, Denys M, Detter JC, Escobar J, Flowers D, Fotopulos D, Garcia C, Georgescu AM, Glavina T, Gomez M, Gonzales E, Groza M, Hammon N, Hawkins T, Haydu L, Ho I, Huang W, Israni S, Jett J, Kadner K, Kimball H, Kobayashi A, Larionov V, Leem SH, Lopez F, Lou Y, Lowry S, Malfatti S, Martinez D, McCready P, Medina C, Morgan J, Nelson K, Nolan M, Ovcharenko I, Pitluck S, Pollard M, Popkie AP, Predki P, Quan G, Ramirez L, Rash S, Retterer J, Rodriguez A, Rogers S, Salamov A, Salazar A, She X, Smith D, Slezak T, Solovyev V, Thayer N, Tice H, Tsai M, Ustaszewska A, Vo N, Wagner M, Wheeler J, Wu K, Xie G, Yang J, Dubchak I, Furey TS, DeJong P, Dickson M, Gordon D, Eichler EE, Pennacchio LA, Richardson P, Stubbs L, Rokhsar DS, Myers RM, Rubin EM, Lucas SM (2004). The DNA sequence and biology of human chromosome 19. Naturaleza 428 (6982): 529-35. PMID 15057824. Human chromosomes {1} {2} {3} {4} {5} {6} {7} {8} {9} {10} {11} {12} {13} {14} {15} {16} {17} {18} {19} {20} {21} {22} {X} {Y} Fr:Cromosoma 19 humain hu:Humán 19-es kromoszóma pt:Cromossoma 19 (humano) sr:Хромозом 19 (човек) Tr:kromozom 19 Esta página utiliza contenido con licencia Creative Commons de Wikipedia (ver autores).

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