Bulimia nerviosa

Bulimia nervosa ICD-10 F50.2 ICD-9 307.51 OMIM {{{OMIM}}} EnfermedadesDB {{{EnfermedadesDB}}} Medline Plus {{{Medline Plus}}} eMedicina {{{eMedicineSubj}}}/{{{eMedicineTema}}} Malla {{{Número de malla}}} Contenido 1 Definition 2 Descripción 3 DSM-IV criteria 4 Patterns of bulimic cycles 5 Subtypes of bulimia 6 Consequences of bulimia nervosa 7 Ver también 8 Enlaces externos 9 References Definition Bulimia nervosa, more commonly known as bulimia, is an eating disorder. It is a psychological condition in which the subject engages in recurrent binge eating followed by an intentional purging. This purging is done in order to compensate for the excessive intake of the food and to prevent weight gain. Purging typically takes the form of: vomiting inappropriate use of laxatives, enemas, diuretics or other medication excessive exercising fasting Description DSM-IV criteria The following six criteria should be met for a patient to be diagnosed with bulimia[1] [2]: The patient feels incapable of controlling the urge to binge, even during the binge itself, and consumes a larger amount of food than a person would normally consume at one sitting. The patient purges him or herself of the recent intake, resorting to vomiting, laxatives, diuretics, exercising, etc. The patient engages in such behavior at least twice per week for three months. The patient is focused upon body image and desperate desire to appear thin. The patient does not meet the diagnostic criteria for anorexia nervosa. (Some anorexics may demonstrate bulimic behaviours in their illness: binge-eating and purging themselves of food on a regular or infrequent basis at certain times during the course of their disease. Alternativamente, some individuals might switch from having anorexia to having bulimia. The mortality rate for anorexics who practice bulimic behaviors is twice that of anorexics who do not. [3]) The patient is of normal weight or overweight. Please note that, en general, diagnostic criteria are considered a guide. A legitimate clinical diagnosis can be made when the majority of the criteria are met. Patterns of bulimic cycles The frequency of bulimic cycles will vary from person to person. Some will suffer from an episode every few months while others who are more severely ill may binge and purge several times a day. Some people may vomit automatically after they have eaten any food. Others will eat socially but may be bulimic in private. Some people do not regard their illness as a problem, while others despise and fear the vicious and uncontrollable cycle they are in [4].  Subtypes of bulimia The specific subtypes differ in the way the bulimic relieves themself of the binge. Purging type - The purging type uses self-induced vomiting, laxatives, diuretics, enemas, or ipecac, as a mean of rapidly extricating the contents for their body. This type generally is more commonly found, and can use one or more of the above methods on a regular basis [5].  Non-Purging Type - This type of bulimic is very rarely found (only approximately 6%-8%), as it is a less effective means of ridding the body of such a large number of calories. This type of bulimic engages in excessive exercise or fasting following a binge in order to counteract the large amount of calories previously ingested. This is frequently observed in purging type bulimics as well, however this method is not their primary form of weight control following a binge [6].  Consequences of bulimia nervosa Malnutrition Dehydration Electrolyte imbalance Hyponatremia Vitamin and mineral deficiencies Teeth erosion and cavities, gum disease Sialadenosis (salivary gland swelling) Potential for gastric rupture during periods of bingeing Esophageal reflux Irritation, inflamación, and possible rupture of the esophagus Laxative dependence Peptic ulcers and pancreatitis Emetic toxicity due to ipecac abuse Swelling of the face and cheeks Callused or bruised fingers Dry or brittle skin, hair, and nails, or hair loss Lanugo Edema Muscle atrophy Decreased/increased bowel activity Digestive problems that may be triggered, including Celiac, Crohn's Disease Low blood pressure, hypotension Orthostatic hypotension High blood pressure, hypertension Iron deficiency, anemia Hormonal imbalances Hyperactivity Depression Insomnia Amenorrhea Infertility Polycystic Ovary Syndrome High risk pregnancy, miscarriage, still-born babies Diabetes Elevated blood sugar or hyperglycemia Ketoacidosis Osteoporosis Arthritis Weakness and fatigue Chronic Fatigue Syndrome Cancer of the throat or voice box Liver failure Kidney infection and failure Heart failure, heart arrhythmia, angina Seizure Paralysis Potentially death caused by heart attack or heart failure; lung collapse; internal bleeding, Golpe, kidney failure, liver failure; pancreatitis, gastric rupture, perforated ulcer, depression and suicide. Main article: Bulimia nerviosa - History of the disorder. Artículo principal: Bulimia nerviosa - Enfoques teóricos. Artículo principal: Bulimia nerviosa - Epidemiología. Artículo principal: Bulimia nerviosa - Factores de riesgo. Artículo principal: Bulimia nerviosa - Etiología. Artículo principal: Bulimia nerviosa - Diagnóstico & evaluation. Artículo principal: Bulimia nerviosa - Comorbilidad. Artículo principal: Bulimia nerviosa - Tratamiento. Artículo principal: Bulimia nerviosa - Pronóstico. Artículo principal: Bulimia nerviosa - Prevención. Artículo principal: Bulimia nerviosa - Página de usuario del servicio. Artículo principal: Bulimia nerviosa - Página del cuidador. See also Exercise bulimia Anorexia nervosa Binge eating disorder Eating disorder not otherwise specified Overeaters Anonymous Somatoform disorders Ventromedial hypothalamic syndrome External links Eating Addictions Anonymous Website Overeaters Anonymous website Listen to Overeaters Anonymous speakers Statistics The Something Fishy Website on Eating Disorders Bulimia Nervosa - Causas, Symptoms And Treatment Eating Disorders Association (EDA) BBC-Mental Health American Psychiatric Association Web4health Eating disorder Eating Disorders in Males Mental Health Matters: Bulimia Nervosa Psych Forums: Bulimia Forum Helpguide: Bulimia Signs and Symptoms, Effects and Treatment Somerset & Wessex Eating Disorders Association Eating Disorders support and information in Somerset, England ECRI: Bulimia Nervosa Resource Guide for Family and Friends AnyBody not-for-profit sustainable eating support/action group "The ABC's of Eating Disorders" educational documentary References ↑ HTTP://www.psychiatric-disorders.com/eating-disorders/bulimia-diagnosis.php ↑ HTTP://www.poppink.com/dsmiv/13.html ↑ HTTP://www.umm.edu/patiented/articles/how_serious_anorexia_nervosa_000049_5.htm ↑ HTTP://www.edauk.com/sub_what_is_bulimia.htmDurand, Marcar, Barlow, David. "Essentials of Abnormal Psychology Fourth Ed." Thomson Wadsworth, California 2006, ISBN 0-534-60575-3 ↑ Durand, Marcar, Barlow, David. "Essentials of Abnormal Psychology Fourth Ed." Thomson Wadsworth, California 2006, ISBN 0-534-60575-3 Instructions_for_archiving_academic_and_professional_materials Bulimia nervosa: Academic support materials Bulimia nervosa: Académico: Lecture slides Bulimia nervosa: Académico: Lecture notes Bulimia nervosa: Académico: Lecture handouts Bulimia nervosa Academic: Multimedia materials Bulimia nervosa: Académico: Other academic support materials Bulimia nervosa: Académico: Anonymous fictional case studies for training This boxview• talk• edit Eating disorders Preliminary aspects Eating attitudes|Feeding practices| Overeating| Binge eating| Types of Eating disorder Anorexia nervosa| Bulimia nerviosa| Binge eating disorder| Compulsive overeating| Eating disorder NOS| Pica| Assessing eating disorders [[]] | [[]] | [[]] | Treating eating disorders CBT| Psychotherapy| Family therapy This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia (ver autores).

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